Huelago Road, Macrofauna (Pliocene to of Spain)

Also known as Huelago-carretera

Where: Andalucia, Spain (37.4° N, 3.3° W: paleocoordinates 37.5° N, 3.5° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Date: MN16b, Late Villafranchian, Plio-Pleistocene boundary, Villanyian/Biharian. The Huelago section is 67m thick. The site occurs at the base of the carbonate span of the upper unit, built up by a set of siltstones and lacustrine carbonates that crop out extensively in the surroundings of the site.

Environment/lithology: lacustrine

• At the top, a 2-15m stetch of palustrine facies is developed. This stretch contains the Huelago Road site, and is made up of a succession of a) massive and thinning upwards silty sands with intraclasts at its base and b) grayish-greenish silts with gastropods, ostracods, small bivalves and several cycled root-marks that evolve to calcrete levels.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Excavated in 1984. Four pits were dug - A (14m2), B (14m2), C (18m2) and D (12m2), D is some 5m further down the slope and contained fewer bones than the others (175, 187, 285 and 67 specimens respectively). All pits were 2.9-3m deep.

Primary reference: M. T. Alberdi and B. Sanchez-Chillon. 1998. The Huelago-Road site. In Agusti, J., Oms, O. and Martin-Suarez, E., 1998, The Plio-Pleistocene vertebrate succession of the Guadix-Baza Basin (SE Spain), European Quaternary Mammal Research Association (INQUA-SEQS) 64-65 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35038: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 27.10.2003, edited by Mark Uhen

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The mollusc and fish records have been sub-divided into levels within the site but the macromammal list has not. This is the composite mammal list and includes micromammals (also subdivided, but only into levels, e.g. level 4 could be associated with mollusc layer 4a, 4b or 4c (or all of them)). Individual levels have been entered separately for molluscs and fish (see subcollections).
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
Castillomys crusafonti Michaux 1969 mouse
Castillomys crusafonti crusafonti
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys aff. pliocaenicus Forsyth Major 1889 vole
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor sp. Linnaeus 1758 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus sp. Lilljeborg 1874 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus sp. Pomel 1853 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus cf. etruscus5 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
7 lower teeth (1 P3, 1M2, 2M3, 1M2-3, 2 mandible fragments - one with P3-M3, fragments of other molars) and 1 upper P4.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis2 Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus stenonis livenzovensis (big, strong, primitive animal, Alberdi 1998). 22 upper teeth (2 P2, 2 P3, 2 P4, 4 P3-4, 2 M1, 2 M2, 1 M1-2, 6 M3), 21 lower teeth (5 P2, 1 P3, 9 P3-4, 2 M1, 1 M2, 3 M3) and 3 deciduous teeth.
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet.1 Fischer 1814 shrew
 Ferae -
Carnivora indet. Bowditch 1821 carnivoran
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
cf. Mammuthus meridionalis4 Nesti 1825 mammoth
2 incomplete lamina, 1 deciduous tooth, some enamel fragments, 1 definate tooth and a tarsal.
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Mitilanotherium inexspectatum6 Samson and Radulesco 1966 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazellospira torticornis3 antelope
6 horncore fragments, 9 upper molars, 5 lower molars, 1 upper P4, 1 upper P3.
cf. Hesperidoceras merlae3 antelope
Ovibovini indet. (cf. Hesperidoceras merlae), 1 lower P4.
Leptobos cf. elatus3 antelope
1 upper tooth row (P3-M3), associated upper P4 and P2, 1 lower P3-M3, 1 lower M3 and 1 lower M2.
Gazella borbonica3 gazelle
2 horn fragments
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet.3 Gray 1821 deer
medium sized, 2 mandible fragments with tooth roots.
Croizetoceros ramosus3 Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
7 antler fragments, 1 M1-2.
Eucladoceros cf. senezensis3 deer
1 upper M3.