Cerithium Limestone (Stevns Klint) fauna (Paleocene of Denmark)

Also known as Cerithium Limestone (Denmark) fauna

Where: Denmark (57.0° N, 9.7° E: paleocoordinates 50.3° N, 7.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: P0-P1a foram zone, Cerithium Limestone Member (Rødvig Formation), Danian (66.0 - 61.6 Ma)

• Stevns Klint. Cerithium Limestone, cut by hardground. Dated by underlying. Danian Fish Clay = Fiskeler Member (P0 foraminiferal zone). Cerithium Limestone contains P0-P1a foraminiferal zone. Lower Danian.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified, burrowed, hardground limestone

• "Induration of the Certium Limestone vaires, increasing gradually from the base (relatively soft) to the top (hard). Relatively low densites of bivalve casts a probably due to spotty lithification in association with penetrating crustacean burrows, resulting in massive hard limestone. Sparite filling occupies voids in less massive parts of limestone"

Size classes: macrofossils, microfossils

Preservation: mold/impression, original aragonite, original calcite, original silica, replaced with calcite

Collection methods: Some bulk samples processed in the field, remeaning material processed in laboratory. Lab preparation involved "drying, weighing and hammering samples into small prieces. Each piece examined under microscope in search of molds."

Primary reference: C. Heinberg. 1999. Lower Danian bivalves, Stevns Klint, Denmark; continuity across the K/T boundary. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 154:87-106 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35040: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 27.10.2003, edited by Pete Wagner and Wolfgang Kiessling

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Very comprehensive list of bivalvia. Other groups known to exist, but not listed are foraminifera gastropods, fish, solitary corals, sponges and echinoids.
Bivalvia "sp. 1" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. 2" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. 3" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. 4" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. 5" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. 6" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. E" Linnaeus 1758 clam
Bivalvia "sp. G" Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Ostreomorphi -
"Arcoida indet." = Arcida
"Arcoida indet." = Arcida Stoliczka 1871 clam
Listed as "Arcoida sp. 1"
 Arcida - Arcidae
 Arcida - Noetiidae
 Arcida - Limopsidae
Limopsis sp. Sassi 1827 clam
Listed as "Limopsis sp. 1"
 Pectinida - Entoliidae
Syncyclonema nilsoni Goldfuss 1835 scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Spondylus dutempleanus" = Spondylus fimbriatus
"Spondylus dutempleanus" = Spondylus fimbriatus Goldfuss 1835 scallop
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Pycnodonte vesiculare" = Pycnodonte (Phygraea) vesiculare
"Pycnodonte vesiculare" = Pycnodonte (Phygraea) vesiculare Lamarck 1806 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Gregariella sp. Monterosato 1883 mussel
Dacrydium sp. Torell 1859 mussel
Brachidontes sp. Swainson 1840 mussel
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Uddenia" sp. Stephenson 1941 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Vetericardiella sp. Chavan 1969 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Corbulamella sp. Meek 1857 clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Martesia sp. Sowerby 1824 clam
 Cardiida -
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Protocardia sp. Beyrich 1845 cockle
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
"Cyrtodaria" sp. Reuss 1801 clam
 Solenida - Pharidae
Leptosolen sp. Conrad 1865 clam
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
Euciroa "sp. 1" Dall 1881 clam
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
 Lucinida - Thyasiridae
Thyasira sp.2 Lamarck 1818 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucinidae indet. Fleming 1828 clam
Loripes sp. Poli 1791 clam
? Myrtea sp. Turton 1822 clam
 Lucinida - Mactromyidae
? Unicardium sp. d'Orbigny 1850 clam
 Protobranchia - Tindariidae
 Protobranchia - Sareptidae
"Nucula aff. truncata" = Portlandia arctica, Yoldiella anja
"Nucula aff. truncata" = Portlandia arctica Gray 1824 clam
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Palaeocypraea spirata3 von Schlotheim 1820 cowry
 Cidaroida - Psychocidaridae
Tylocidaris (Tylocidaris) oedumi1 Brünnich Nielson 1938 pencil urchin
 Spatangoida - Brissidae
"Brissopneustes danicus" = Cyclaster danicus1
"Brissopneustes danicus" = Cyclaster danicus1 Schlüter 1897 heart urchin
 Ichnofossils -
Thalassinoides sp.1 Ehrenberg 1944