Montousse 5 (Pliocene to of France)

Where: Midi-Pyrenees, France (43.1° N, 0.4° E: paleocoordinates 43.2° N, 0.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Rodents indicate a date at the end of the Middle Villafranchian, the rest of the fauna indicates Lower Pleistocene, end Tiglian. So Plio-Pleistocene boundary, MN17-MNQ1, Villanyian-Biharian.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

• 'une vaste poche de 13m de hauteur actuelle, ouverte prés du sommet colline. Aucune stratigraphie n'est visible, les différents éléments ayant été soutirés vers de la bas de la poche. Le remplissage argileux rougeâtre renferme de petits éléments altérés du flysch albien voisin, souvent bréchifiés, des fragments de calcite roulée (réseau karstique disparu), des blocs calcaire peu émoussés (Cryergie?) et quelques témoins d'un remplissage antérieur sableux.' No visible stratigraphy, but a mix of sediments, including one sandy layer and some calcite blocks.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: A. Clot, J. Chaline, E. Heintz, D. Jammot, C. Mourer-Chauvire and J. C. Rage. 1976. Montousse 5 (Hautes Pyrenees), un nouveau remplissage de fissure a faune de vertebres du Pleistocene Inferieur. Géobios 9(4):511-514 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35076: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 30.10.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• the faunal assemblage indicates the change from a cold to warm phase at the end of the Tiglian.
unclassified
  -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates sp. Wagler 1830 spadefoot toad
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
Rana cf. temporaria Linnaeus 1758 common frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
 Caudata - Urodela
Salamandra sp. Laurenti 1768 salamander
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Testudo cf. hermanni" = Eurotestudo hermanni
"Testudo cf. hermanni" = Eurotestudo hermanni Gmelin 1789 Hermann's tortoise
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasanidae
Palaeocryptonyx sp. Depéret 1892 fowl
 Piciformes - Picidae
Picidae indet. Vigors 1825 woodpecker
Piciforme, Dendrocopus major sized.
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvidae indet. Vigors 1825 perching bird
Corvidae, Garrulus glandarius sized
Corvus pliocaenus Portis 1887 crow
Corvus cf. monedula Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian jackdaw
 Passeriformes - Muscicapidae
Ficedula sp. Brisson 1760 flycatcher
 Passeriformes - Turdidae
Turdus aff. viscivorus Linnaeus 1758 mistle thrush
Turdus viscivorus sized
Turdus aff. merula Linnaeus 1758 common blackbird
Turdus merula sized
Reptilia
 Squamata - Anguidae
Anguis cf. fragilis Linneaus 1758 Slow worm
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
 Squamata - Viperidae
Vipera sp. Laurenti 1768 viper
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
Coluber sp. Linnaeus 1758 racer
Coronella sp. Laurenti 1768 colubrid snake
Natrix sp. Laurenti 1768 water snake
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca sp. Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicolinae indet. Gray 1821 vole
gen. indet. nov.?
Mimomys burgondiae vole
= Dolomys kretzoi
Lemmus sp. Link 1795 vole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys intermedius Priant 1953 dormouse
Muscardinus cf. pliocaenicus Kowalski 1963 dormouse
Glis sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus sp. Lilljeborg 1874 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa caeca Savi 1822 blind mole
Talpa caeca minor
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
Talpa europaea majpr
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex subaraneus long-tailed shrew
Sorex subminutus Sulimski 1962 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Episoriculus gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus aff. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus aff. ferrum-equinum
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus cf. etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
cf. Enhydrictis sp. Forsyth Major 1902 mustelid carnivore
small sized
Martes sp. Frisch 1775 marten
Mustela cf. praenivalis Kormos 1934 weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
2 types, Lynx sized and Panthera sized.
Felis cf. silvestris Schreber 1777 wildcat
small sized
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Suinae indet. Gray 1821 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
? Libralces ? gallicus Azzaroli 1952 deer
big cervid (Libralces? gallicus?)
"Cervus" ? philisi deer
small sized cervid ("Cervus" philisi?)
Magnoliopsida
 Apiales -
Oenanthe sp. Linnaeus