Huescar 1 (Pleistocene to of Spain)

Also known as Huéscar 1, Huescar-1

Where: Granada, Spain (37.8° N, 2.5° W: paleocoordinates 37.8° N, 2.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene to Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.1 Ma)

• Lower/MIddle Pleistocene, Biharian, approx. 0.9Ma, but suggested by Garcia et al (1999) to be 0.7Ma.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Some material stored in the Museo de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN), Madrid.

Primary reference: M. T. Alberdi, L. Alcala, B. Azanza, E. Cerdeno, A.V. Mazo, J. Morales, and C. Sese. 1989. Consideraciones biostratigraficas sobre la fauna de Vertebrados fosiles de la cuenca de Guadix-Baza (Granada, Espana). In A.T. Alberdi and F.P. Bonadonna (eds.), Geologia y Paleontologia de la cuenca de Guadix-Baza. Trabajos sobre el Neogeno Cuaternario, Museo National de Ciencias Naturales (CSIC), Madrid (11)347-355 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35078: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 30.10.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Also has some redeposited Foraminifera (not named).
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet.6 Latreille 1802 ostracod
fragments of ostracods present
Gastropoda
 Rissooidea - Bithyniidae
Bithynia sp.10 Leach 1818 snail
Bithynia (operculos)
 Truncatelloidea - Hydrobiidae
Hydrobia sp.10 Hartmann 1821 snail
Actinopteri
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Leuciscus pyrenaicus4 carp-like fish
dientes faringeos (pharyngeal teeth)
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.5 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Perdix perdix11 Linnaeus 1758 grey partridge
1 scapula, 1 ulna, 1 tarsometatarsus
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Netta rufina11 Pallas 1773 red-crested pochard
2 coracoids, 1 humerus
"Anas strepera" = Mareca strepera11 Linnaeus 1758 gadwall
1 left coracoid
"Anas clypeata" = Spatula clypeata11 Linnaeus 1758 northern shoveler
2 coracoids, 1 scapula, 1 carpometacarpus, 1 tarsometatarsus.
Aythya sp.11 Boie 1822 pochard
1 left radius
Aythya nyroca11 Güldenstädt 1770 ferruginous pochard
1 distal left humerus
Aythya ferina11 Linnaeus 1758 common pochard
2 coracoids, 1 humerus
Aythya fuligula11 Linnaeus 1758 tufted duck
3 coracoids
Anas sp.11 Linnaeus 1758 dabbling duck
vetebrae, 1 scapula, 1 humerus, 2 carpometacarpus
Anas platyrhynchos11 Linnaeus 1758 mallard
2 coracoids, 1 scapula, 1 ulna.
Anas crecca11 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian teal
or Anas querquedula. 2 humerii, 2 carpometacarpus, 1 coracoid, 1 ulna
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo bubo11 Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian eagle-owl
1 proximal left carpometacarpus
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Crex crex11 Linnaeus 1758 corn crake
1 tibiotarsus
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
cf. Tachybaptus ruficollis11 Pallas 1764 little grebe
1 proximal right humerus
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
Castillomys crusafonti Michaux 1969 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus 1766 garden doormouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
Oryctolagus sp. Lilljeborg 1874 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus9 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus etruscus brachycephalus. 19 upper teeth (1 D1, 2 D2, 3 P2, 1 P3, 4 P4, 6 M1 (only 1 complete), 2 M3), 16 lower teeth (1 P2, 5 P3, 5 M1, 3 M2, 2 M3), numerus dental fragments and postcranial fragments (1 thoracic vertebra, 1 scapula, 1 ulna, 1 sacrum, 1 acetabulum, 2 femora, 1 astragalus, tarsals, 1 mtIV diaphysis, 1 3rd phalange, 1 sesamoid, 1 petrosal).
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sussenbornensis1 horse
1 tibia, 1 lunate, 1 patella (rotula)
Equus stenonis1 Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus stenonis intermedio granatensis/altidens. 2 complete mandibles, 24 upper teeth (4 P2, 7 P3-4, 10 M1-2, 3 M3), and 16 lower teeth (4 P2, 6 P3-4, 6 M1-2), plus postcrania (most fragmentary) 1 humerus, 1 McIII, 1 femur, 4 tibia, 1 calcaneum, 1 astragalus, 5 MtIII, 3 proximal phalanges, 1 2nd phalanx.
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Soricidae indet. Fischer 1814 shrew
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis etruscus2 Forsyth Major 1877 canine
1 upper M1, 1 upper M2, 1 lower M1.
 Carnivora - Felidae
Homotherium sp.2 Fabrini 1890 cat
1 upper canine crown fragment, 1 ulna fragment.
Panthera gombaszoegensis2 cat
1 upper P4, 1 canine, both small.
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet.2 Gray 1821 hyaena
1 premolar fragment
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas antiquus" = Palaeoloxodon antiquus7
"Elephas antiquus" = Palaeoloxodon antiquus7 Falconer and Cautley 1847 elephant
at least 6 specimens: 1 complete manidible with M2, (all other teeth fragmentary) 1 upper M2, 1 upper M2 or 3, 1 upper M1, 1 femur diaphysis, 1 ulna fragment, various other fragments.
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus major8 Cuvier 1824 hippo
4 upper teeth (1 D3, 1 lateral incisor, 1 canine, 1 M3), 7 lower teeth (2 Canines, 3 P3, 2 M1) and postcrania (1 humerus, 1 femur, 1 semilunar).
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Praemegaceros cf. solilhacus3 deer
6 upper teeth (2 maxillary fragments, 1 P3-4, 1 P4, 1 M1, 1 M3) 1 antler fragment and 3 lower teeth (1 P2, 1 M1, 1 mandible fragment with M2 and M3).