Birzavita II (Miocene of Romania)

Where: Romania (46.3° N, 22.0° E: paleocoordinates 46.1° N, 21.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)

• The third level of the present quarry on the Birzavita Valley (Birzavita II), basal Sarmatian (Volhynian)

Environment/lithology: tuff and diatomaceous siliciclastic

• tuffaceous-diatomitic complex within andesite pyroclasts

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: E. Nicorici. 1976. Trilophodon angusstidens (Cuvier) din Sarmatianul inferior de la Minisul de Sus (Bazinul Zarandului). Dari de Seama ale Sedintelor Series 3. Paleontologie 62:77-79 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/E. Leckey]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35125: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 13.11.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
aff. Alicornops simorrense1 rhinoceros
P4 dext.
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium angustidens3 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
fragment of apical, probably lower tusk
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
"Deinotherium levius" = Deinotherium giganteum3
"Deinotherium levius" = Deinotherium giganteum3 Kaup 1829 deinothere
P4 dext.
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Bunolistriodon aff. lockharti2 pig
upper sin. canine
Listriodon splendens2 pig
L. splendens splendens, fragments of damaged mandible rami and left I/1, right and left I/2, right P/2, right M/1, fragments of right and left M/3, fragments (proximal and distal) of a radius
 Delphinoidea - Delphinidae
Delphinidae indet.3 Gray 1821 dolphin
caudal vertebra
 Artiodactyla - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium crassum1 Lartet 1851 chevrotain
mandible right ramus with DP/2-M/3