Osztramos locality 7 (Pliocene of Hungary)

Also known as Osztramos 7, Osztramos Hill

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Villanyian (3.2 - 2.6 Ma)

• Mid Pliocene, MN16, Villafranchian.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

• Locality 7 is a 'classical' tectonic fissure.
• 'This crevice was about 1-1.5m wide and as high as 30m. The upper part of the karstic formation was filled with dark red clay, the lower with more yellowish clay, occasionally cemented with calcite spots.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Although layers were observed in the deposits, 'commercial quarrying and the narrow width of the cleft' meant that collection by layer was not possible. It was excavated from1955 to 1975.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35358: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 05.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Anura indet. frog
common
Aves
 Galliformes - Tetraonidae
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
Francolinus capeki Lambrecht 1933 francolin
Francolinus capeki wezensis
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo sp. Dumeril 1806 eagle-owl
Athene veta Janossy 1974 true owl
Surnia robusta northern hawk owl
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
Reptilia
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
rare
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
common
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
Apodemus sp. I-II
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Baranomys loczyi, "Mimomys stehlini" = Mimomys, "Mimomys sp." = Mimomys, "Cseria sp." = Mimomys, Lemmus sp., Prospalax priscus, Germanomys cf. weileri, Cricetinus sp.
"Mimomys stehlini" = Mimomys vole
"Mimomys sp." = Mimomys Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
Mimomys sp. div (incl. Cseria sp (listed seperately))
"Cseria sp." = Mimomys Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
Lemmus sp. Link 1795 vole
2 lower M1s
Cricetinus sp. Zdansky 1928 mouse
Cricetinus sp. I-II
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Dryomimus eliomyoides Kretzoi 1959 dormouse
"Glirulus pusillus" = Amphidyromys pusillus Heller 1936 Japanese dormouse
Muscardinus sp. Kaup 1829 dormouse
Glis minor Kowalski 1963 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sminthozapus janossyi jumping mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
"Hypolagus" "beremendensis" Dice 1917 rabbit
abundant
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana sp. Guldenstaedt 1777 Russian desman
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp. Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
Dicerorhinus megarhinus-jeanvireti group
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus "robustus" Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Episoriculus gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
Blarinoides mariae Sulimski 1959 red-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus cf. minimus Devéze and Bouillet 1827 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
aff. Pannonictis janossyi mustelid carnivore
Mustela cf. praenivalis Kormos 1934 weasel
Putorius stromeri Kormos 1934 polecat
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775 fox
Canis aff. arnensis Del Campana 1913 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis cf. lunensis Martelli 1906 cat
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
cf. Cervus philisi deer
Cervus s. l. sp. II (= cf. Cervus philisi)
? Cervodama pontoborealis deer
Cervus s. l. sp. I (= ?Cervodama pontoborealis)
Dicotyledonae
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Celtis sp. Linnaeus 1753 hackberry