Villany locality 8, level 11 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Villány 8, level 8

Where: Barany, Hungary (45.9° N, 18.5° E: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 18.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Biharian, Middle Pleistocene. The cave was opened from one side during quarrying and Kretzoi and his co-workers, including the author (Janossy) in 1953 and 1955, removed material in 12 layers. The series, starting from the bottom, begins with reddish clay with large calcite deposits, and in the upper layers is composed of limy loess formations.'

Environment/lithology:

• 'limy loess formations.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35465: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 16.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• grassland-steppe environment.
unclassified
  -
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cf. fuscus spadefoot toad
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
Reptilia
 Squamata - Anguidae
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
abundant
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus bursae, Pliomys episcopalis, Mimomys savini, "Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes, Arvicola cantiana, "Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus, "Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus, "Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus, Lagurodon pannonicus, Cricetus praeglacialis
"Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes vole
"Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus vole
Microtus nivalinus-nivaloides
"Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus vole
"Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus vole
Pitymys hintoni-gregaloides
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
Spalax advenus blind mole
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Drepanosorex margaritodon red-toothed shrew
Sorex runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mammal