Kovesvarad (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Kövesvárad

Where: Borsodabaujzemplen, Hungary (48.1° N, 20.5° E: paleocoordinates 48.0° N, 20.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Biharian, Middle Pleistocene

Environment/lithology: karst

• 'A karstic pit about 5m high and 2-3m wide was found in compact Triassic Ladinian limestone in the northern corner of the quarry. This was filled with orange sediment .... washed almost in its entirety in 1957-58.'
• 'orange sediment'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• Discovered by Janossy in 1955. Different strata were not identified.

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35472: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 17.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• forest environment.
unclassified
  -
Gastropoda
 Helicoidea - Helicidae
 Limacoidea - Limacidae
Limax sp. Linnaeus 1758 slug
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
temporaria group
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
small size
 Caudata - Urodela
Triturus sp. Rafinesque 1815 newt
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Passeriformes - Motacillidae
Anthus sp. Bechstein 1805 perching bird
Anthus sp. (campestris-spinoletta size)
 Caprimulgiformes - Apodidae
Apus apus Linnaeus 1758 common swift
A. apus palapus
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
viridis group
 Ophidia -
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus bursae, Pliomys episcopalis, Pliomys lenki, Mimomys savini, "Clethrionomys sp." = Myodes, "Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus, "Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus, "Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus, "Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus, "Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus, Lagurus pannonicus, Cricetus cricetus
Pliomys episcopalis mouse
2 lower M1
Pliomys lenki mouse
1 lower M1
Mimomys savini vole
2 lower M1 and 5 other molars
"Clethrionomys sp." = Myodes Pallas 1811 vole
2 types, C. glareolus group (15 lower M1s) and 132 specimens of Clethrionomys sp.
"Microtus arvalinus" = Microtus vole
11 lower M1
"Microtus nivalinus" = Microtus vole
2 lower M1
"Microtus ratticepoides" = Microtus vole
2 lower M1
"Pitymys arvalidens" = Microtus vole
9 lower M1
"Pitymys gregaloides" = Microtus vole
1 lower M1
"Pitymys hintoni" = Microtus vole
6 lower M1
Lagurus pannonicus Kormos 1930 mouse
2 lower M1 and 7 other molars
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
Cricetus cricetus praeglacialis
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciurus sp. Linnaeus 1758 squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Muscardinus dacicus Kormos 1930 dormouse
Glis cf. sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Zapodidae
Sicista praeloriger Kormos 1930 birch mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758 mole
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex minutus Linnaeus 1766 Eurasian pygmy shrew
Sorex aff. runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. obtusa white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis baranensis Kormos 1934 vesper bat
Myotis dasycneme Boie 1825 vesper bat
Myotis bechsteini Leisler 1818 vesper bat
M. bechsteini robustus
Myotis cf. mystacinus Leisler 1819 vesper bat
Plecotus auritus Linnaeus 1758 common long-eared bat
Barbastella cf. leucomelas Cretzschmar 1826 vesper bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus cf. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus deningeri Reichenau 1904 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Martes sp. Frisch 1775 marten
Mustela cf. praenivalis Kormos 1934 weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
large species.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Dicotyledonae
 Urticales - Dilleniidae