UCMP V6168, Avenay quarry (Eocene of France)

Also known as Avenay-Val-d’Or

Where: Marne, France (49.1° N, 4.0° E: paleocoordinates 44.5° N, 1.3° E)

• coordinate based on unpublished field data

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Lignites de Soissonais Formation, Ypresian (56.0 - 47.8 Ma)

• late Sparnacian, NP12, MP8+9 (Smith & Smith, 2003)

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: D. E. Russell, M. Godinot, P. Louis and D. E. Savage. 1979. Apatotheria (Mammalia) de l'Eocène inférieur de France et de Belgique. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, section C: Science de la Terre 1(3):203-243 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35535: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 19.12.2003, edited by Philip Mannion, John Alroy, K. Christopher Beard, Jason Head, Torsten Liebrecht, Terri Cleary, David Nicholson, Patricia Holroyd and Richard Butler

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionyx sp.3 Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1809 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Carettochelyidae
Allaeochelys sp.3 Noulet 1867 turtle
 Testudines - Pantrionychidae
"Palaeotrionyx vittatus" = Axestemys vittata3
"Palaeotrionyx vittatus" = Axestemys vittata3 Pomel 1847 turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Palaeochelys sp.3 Meyer 1847 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
Neochelys eocaenica7 De Stefano 1902 sideneck turtle
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Dormaalisaurus girardoti2 Augé and Smith 2002 lizard
incomplete left and right dentaries
 Squamata - Necrosauridae
Necrosaurus sp.2 Filhol 1876 lizard
MNHN, three osteoderms
 Squamata - Iguanidae
"Geiseltaliellus louisi" = Geiseltaliellus longicaudus1
"Geiseltaliellus louisi" = Geiseltaliellus longicaudus1 Kuhn 1944 lizard
1 right dentary (n AV 16462)
 Squamata -
Tinosaurus sp.1 Marsh 1872 lizard
1 left dentary (n CB 16437)
Tinosaurus europeocaenus2 Auge and Smith 1997 lizard
MHNH AV 16464 ,anterior left dentary
Eolacerta sp.2 Nöth 1940 lizard
dorsal vertebra
 Squamata - Boidae
Calamagras gallicus10 Rage 1977 dwarf boa
Rage (1977) mentions a total of 30 referred vertebrae which come from Avenay and other localities in the Paris Basin, but does not give details on specimen and catalogue numbers for individual localities
 Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Dunnophis matronensis9 Rage 1973 dwarf boa
Rage (1973) mentions "nombreuses vertèbres" which come from Avenay and other localities in the Paris Basin, but does not give details on specimen and catalogue numbers for individual localities
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Gekkonidae indet.2 Gray 1825 gecko
fragment of left dentary
 Squamata - Amphisbaenidae
Amphisbaenidae indet.2 Gray 1865 worm lizard
Av 7927, a vertebra; Av 7923, fragment of dentary
Mammalia
 Cimolesta - Esthonychidae
"Franchaius minimus" = Plesiesthonyx minimus5
"Franchaius minimus" = Plesiesthonyx minimus5 Baudry 1992 tillodont
 Cimolesta - Sarcodontidae
cf. Hyracolestes sp.11 Matthew and Granger 1925 eutherian
MNHN Av 4614
 Primates - Plesiadapidae
Platychoerops daubrei4 Lemoine 1880 primate
specimens are in the MNHN and/or the Louis private collection
 Primates - Notharctidae
Cantius savagei5 Gingerich 1977 primate
 Primates - Paromomyidae
Arcius fuscus8 Russell et al. 1967 primate
Phenacolemur lapparenti n. sp.8 Russell et al. 1967 primate
MNHN AV 5849 type
 Primates - Toliapinidae
Toliapina vinealis n. gen. n. sp.6, Avenius amatorum n. gen. n. sp.13
Toliapina vinealis n. gen. n. sp.6 Hooker et al. 1999 primate
MNHN AV-700-Ph - holotype
Avenius amatorum n. gen. n. sp.13 Russell et al. 1992 primate
MNHN AV-1093-Ph - holotype
 Condylarthra - Paroxyclaenidae
cf. Paroxyclaenidae indet.11 Weitzel placental
cf. Paroxyclaenus sp.11 Teilhard de Chardin 1922 placental
MNHN Av 5714, 5909
 Tribosphenida - Nyctitheriidae
Placentidens lotus12 Russell et al. 1973 placental
 Chiroptera - Archaeonycteridae
Archaeonycteris brailloni n. sp.12 Russell et al. 1973 bat
type locality
 Chiroptera - Icaronycteridae
Icaronycteris menui12 Russell et al. 1973 bat
 Chiroptera - Natalidae
cf. Ageina sp.12 Russell et al. 1973 funnel-eared bat
 Ferae - Viverravidae
cf. Viverravus sp.11 Marsh 1872 placental
MNHN Av 4916
 Ferae -
Uintacyon hookeri15 Solé 2014 placental
MNHN.F.Av5005, Av5006, Av5734, Av5817, Av4969, Av5820, Av4934, Av229BN, Av4756, Av15820
 Carnivora - Miacidae
Miacidae indet.11 Cope 1880 carnivoran
MNHN Av 5895
 Macroscelidea - Amphilemuridae
Macrocranion cf. nitens5 Matthew 1918 elephant shrew
Russell et al. 1975
 Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Morlodon vellerei14 Solé 2013 eutherian
MNHN Av 4785, 5917, (50)4711, 290, 5012, 467, 5070 and 5773
cf. Preregidens langebadrae16 Solé et al. 2015 eutherian
MNHN.F.Av5773; Rich (1971) referred the specimen to ‘cf. Deltatheridia or Carnivora’
cf. Didelphodus sp.11 Cope 1882 eutherian
MNHN Av 4917
 Artiodactyla - Diacodexeidae
Bunophorus cappettai17 even-toed ungulate
Diacodexis varleti17 Sudre 1983 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Choeropotamidae
Cuisitherium sp.17 Sudre et al. 1983 even-toed ungulate
 Sarcobora - Apatemyidae
Apatemys mutiniacus n. sp. Russell et al. 1979 insectivoran
Apatemys sigogneaui n. sp. Russell et al. 1979 insectivoran
Heterohyus "sp. I" Gervais 1848 insectivoran
Heterohyus "sp. II" Gervais 1848 insectivoran
Heterohyus "sp. III" Gervais 1848 insectivoran