Floresta Series Fauna (Devonian to of Colombia)

Where: Boyaca, Colombia (5.9° N, 72.9° W: paleocoordinates 51.7° S, 48.1° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Emsian to Emsian (407.6 - 387.7 Ma)

• Caster refers to rocks as Floresta Series. Barrett (Refs. 9602, 9639) seems to suggest that fossiliferous samples are large Emsian to Eifelian in age. Caster suggests correspondences with a number of Lower and Middle Devonian faunas elsewhere.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; yellow shale

• Ref. 9674: "The specimens collected at Floresta are preserved in soft, yellowish and buff colored shales which contained at the time of deposition considerable amounts of calcium carbonate."

Collection methods: Olsson and Dickey collected material described by Caster and by McNair. Morales lists only those taxa that were not already reported by these previous authors.

Primary reference: K. E. Caster. 1939. A Devonian fauna from Colombia. Bulletins of American Paleontology 24(83):1-218 [M. Foote/M. Foote/M. Foote]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36012: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 13.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Caster and McNair lists are old, but I have not yet been able to find a general systematic revision of Caster and McNair's work.
Cymostrohpia waringi n. gen. n. sp.
Cymostrohpia waringi n. gen. n. sp.
 Phacopida - Acastidae
"Cryphaeus sp." = Greenops2
"Cryphaeus sp." = Greenops2 Delo 1935 trilobite
 Phacopida - Dalmanitidae
 Phacopida - Homalonotidae
? Homalonotus sp. K├Ânig 1825 trilobite
 Phacopida - Phacopidae
 Proetida - Aulacopleuridae
? Cyphaspis sp. Burmeister 1843 trilobite
 Proetida - Proetidae
Proetus sp.2 Steininger 1831 trilobite
 Lichida - Odontopleuridae
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
 Pectinida - Aviculopectinidae
? Aviculopecten "sp. A" M'Coy 1851 scallop
? Aviculopecten "sp. B" M'Coy 1851 scallop
Aviculopecten wellsi n. sp.2 scallop
 Ostreida - Pterineidae
? Pterinea "n. sp." Goldfuss 1832 oyster
Actinopteria sp.2 Hall 1884 oyster
 Carditida - Cardiniidae
 Cardiidia - Grammysiidae
Grammysia sp.2 de Verneuil 1847 clam
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Euomphalina - Platyceratidae
Platyceras aff. nodosum2 Conrad 1841 snail
Platyostoma lineata2 Conrad 1842 snail
 Orthocerida - Orthoceratidae
"Orthoceras" sp.2 Breynius 1832
 Fenestrida - Polyporidae
 Fenestrata -
 Cystoporida - Sulcoreteporidae
 Cystoporida - Hexagonellidae
 Cystoporida - Fistuliporidae
 Cryptostomata -
 Cystoporata -
 Dendroidea -
Acanthograptus sp.2 graptolite
 Productida - Productellidae
"Productella cf. spinulicosta" = Spinulicosta spinulicosta, "Spinulicosta spinulicosta" = Spinulicosta spinulicosta2
"Productella cf. spinulicosta" = Spinulicosta spinulicosta Hall 1857
"Spinulicosta spinulicosta" = Spinulicosta spinulicosta2 Hall 1857
 Productida - Chonetidae
 Productida - Eodevonariidae
 Productida - Chonostrophiidae
 Orthotetida - Pulsiidae
 Strophomenida - Douvillinidae
Cymostrophia schucherti n. gen. n. sp., Cymostrophia dickeyi n. gen. n. sp.
Cymostrophia schucherti n. gen. n. sp.
Cymostrophia dickeyi n. gen. n. sp.
 Strophomenida - Leptostrophiidae
"Rhytistrophia caribbeana n. gen." = Leptostrophia (Rhytistrophia)
"Rhytistrophia caribbeana n. gen." = Leptostrophia (Rhytistrophia)
 Strophomenida - Rafinesquinidae
Leptaena boyaca n. sp. Caster 1939
 Strophomenida - Strophodontidae
"Stropheodonta kozlowskii n. gen. n. sp." = Strophomena (Strophodonta), "? Stropheodonta sp." = Strophomena (Strophodonta), Megastrophia hopkinsi n. gen. n. sp., Megastrophia pygmaea n. gen. n. sp., Dictyostrophia cooperi n. gen. n. sp.
"Stropheodonta kozlowskii n. gen. n. sp." = Strophomena (Strophodonta)
"? Stropheodonta sp." = Strophomena (Strophodonta) Hall 1852
Megastrophia hopkinsi n. gen. n. sp.
Megastrophia pygmaea n. gen. n. sp.
Dictyostrophia cooperi n. gen. n. sp.
 Strophomenida - Strophonellidae
 Athyridida - Meristellidae
 Athyridida - Nucleospiridae
 Athyridida - Anoplothecidae
 Terebratulida - Cryptonellidae
 Terebratulida - Centronellidae
 Terebratulida - Meganterididae
 Spiriferinida - Cyrtinidae
 Spiriferida - Spinocyrtiidae
 Spiriferida - Spiriferidae
 Spiriferida - Acrospiriferidae
 Spiriferida - Hysterolitidae
 Spiriferida - Elythidae
"Elytha colombiana n. sp." = Elita
"Elytha colombiana n. sp." = Elita
 Atrypida - Atrypidae
 Rhynchonellida - Leiorhynchidae
 Rhynchonellida - Camarotoechiidae
? Camarotoechia sp. Hall and Clarke 1893
Camarotoechia dotis2 Hall 1867
  - Tropidoleptidae
 Orthida - Orthidae
Orthis sp.2 Dalman 1828
 Inarticulata -
Anthozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1834
 Favositida - Favositidae
 Favositida - Micheliniidae
Pleurodictyum americanum2 tabulate coral