Karlich level E, im Neuwieder Becken (Pleistocene of Germany)

Also known as Kärlich Schicht E, im Neuwieder Becken Kaerlich

Where: Rheinland-Pfalz, Germany (50.5° N, 7.5° E: paleocoordinates 50.5° N, 7.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Level E is in the middle of the Karlich sequence (site goes to level Jb). Dated to earliest Middle Pleistocene (overlies the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary). Early Cromerian (zones 1-2), Late Biharian, similar to West Runton upper freshwater bed, Sussenborn, etc.

Environment/lithology: loess

• loess.

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: There are two different mollusc assembalges in level E, the majority are characteristic of loess deposits and indicate cold glacial conditions, but a few samples from the base indicate more humid conditions - these are Lymnaea sp., Planorbis planorbis, Gyraulus laevis and Valvata pulchella.

Primary reference: T. van Kolfschoten and E. Turner. 1996. Early Middle Pleistocene mammalian faunas from Karlich (Kaerlich) and Miesenheim I and their biostratigraphical implications. In C. Turner , ed., The early Middle Pleistocene in Europe, Balkema, Rotterdam 227-253 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36013: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 13.01.2004, edited by Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Contains reworked fragments of interglacial mollusca such as Aegopinella cf. minor, Ruthenica filograna, Cepaea nemoralis and Ena montana.
 Pulmonata - Succineidae
Succinea oblonga amber snail
 Pulmonata - Pupillidae
Pupilla muscorum Linnaeus 1758 slug
 Pulmonata - Valloniidae
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus
"Trichia hispida" = Trochulus snail
 Salientia -
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
small form
Dicrostonyx sp. Gloger 1841 lemming
"Clethrionomys glareolus" = Myodes vole
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
Microtus arvalis/agrestis
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciuridae indet. Gray 1821 squirrel
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa europaea Linnaeus 1758 European mole
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
Sorex (Drepanosorex) sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew