Layer 4, Sedia del Diavolo, Rome (Pleistocene of Italy)

Where: Lazio Region, Italy (41.9° N, 12.3° E: paleocoordinates 41.9° N, 12.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene, terminal Riss

Environment/lithology: fluvial; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• sands and gravels

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: F. Mallegni. 1986. Les Restes humains du gisement de Sedia del Diavolo (Rome) remontant au Riss final. L' Anthropologie (Paris) 90(3):539-553 [E. Fara/E. Fara/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36134: authorized by Emmanuel Fara, entered by Emmanuel Fara on 14.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• A lithic industry is associated to the fauna
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
a coracoid
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sp. Linnaeus 1758 human
A fragmentary femur and a metatarsal. Regarded by ref. 9695 as a neandertalian, but it is now considered as a preneandertalian, close to Homo heidelbergensis
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
"Rhinoceros cf. mercki" = Dihoplus kirchbergensis
"Rhinoceros cf. mercki" = Dihoplus kirchbergensis J├Ąger 1839 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis cf. lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
"Felis cf. pardus" = Panthera pardus
"Felis cf. pardus" = Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas antiquus" = Palaeoloxodon antiquus
"Elephas antiquus" = Palaeoloxodon antiquus Falconer and Cautley 1847 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758 wild boar
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bos primigenius Bojanus 1827 ox
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer
Dama dama Linnaeus 1758 fallow deer