Phu Kum Khao, K4 (Cretaceous to of Thailand)

Also known as Kalasin site 4/K.4, Wat Sak Kawan, Wat Sakawan, Phu Kum Kao

Where: Kalasin, Thailand (16.7° N, 103.6° E: paleocoordinates 15.4° N, 113.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Sao Khua Formation (Khorat Group), Barremian to Barremian (129.4 - 113.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; lithified sandstone and siltstone

• "The dinosaur bones come from relatively soft sediments at the base of the hill, the bone-bearing level consisting of alternating soft sandstones, laminated siltstones and hard sandstones." (Suteethorn et al. 1995). But described as "lime nodule conglomerate interbedded with claystone" by Martin et al., 1999.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by P. V. Sahaskhunthe in Sept-Nov 1994

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

• discovered by geologists from DMR; first find by head of temple monks

Primary reference: E. Buffetaut. 1983. Mesozoic vertebrates from Thailand: a review. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 28(1-2):43-53 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36144: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 14.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Adocidae
Isanemys srisuki n. gen. n. sp.4
Isanemys srisuki n. gen. n. sp.4 Tong et al. 2006 turtle
SDRC K4-658, 659, 660, 661
 Saurischia -
Phuwiangosaurus sirindhornae3 Martin et al. 1994 sauropod
"at least four individuals"
 Saurischia - Euhelopodidae
aff. Euhelopodidae indet.2 euhelopodid
jaw fragment
 Saurischia - Spinosauridae
Siamosaurus suteethorni1 Buffetaut and Ingavat 1986 tetanuran