Voigtstedt bei Sangerhausen, Lehmzone (Pleistocene of Germany)

Also known as Voigtstedt Loam zone, Voigtstedt clay level

Where: Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany (51.4° N, 11.3° E: paleocoordinates 51.4° N, 11.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Three levels with fauna recorded, the lower gravels (unteren Kiesen), The loam zone (Lehmzone), and the upper gravels (Oberen Kiesen). The lower gravels are the lowest level and represent a cold period. The Middle level (Lehmzone) is a warm period = Early Middle Pleistocene, the Voigtstedt-Warmzeit, definitely the Brunhes Chron.

Environment/lithology:

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: The Loam zone contains the most species and represents a warm period (the Voigtstedt-Warmzeit).

Primary reference: W. von Koenigswald and W.-D. Heinrich. 1999. Mittelpleistozane Saugetierfaunen aus Mitteleuropa - der Versuch einer biostratigraphischen Zuordnung. Kaupia 9:53-112 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36206: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 19.01.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca sylvanus Linnaeus 1758 Barbary macaque
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus flavicollis Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
"Clethrionomys cf. glareolus" = Myodes vole
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
Trogontherium cuvieri Owen 1846 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
Lepus "terraerubrae" Linnaeus 1758 hare
Lepus cf. 'terraerubrae'
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana thermalis Kormos 1930 Russian desman
Talpa minor Freudenberg 1914 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex sp. Linnaeus 1758 long-tailed shrew
Sorex cf. runtonensis Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
Sorex (Drepanosorex) cf. savini Hinton 1911 long-tailed shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus deningeri Reichenau 1904 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lutra simplicidens, Martes cf. martes, "Mustela (Putorius) cf. eversmanni" = Mustela eversmannii, Meles meles
Lutra simplicidens Thenius 1965 otter
Martes cf. martes Linnaeus 1758 European pine marten
"Mustela (Putorius) cf. eversmanni" = Mustela eversmannii Lesson 1827 weasel
Meles meles Linnaeus 1758 European badger
Meles meles cf. atavus
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lupus Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
Canis lupus mosbachensis
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
Panthera cf. pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth
Mammuthus meridionalis voigtstedtensis
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758 wild boar
Sus scrofa ssp.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison schoetensacki bison
Bison schoetensacki voigtstedtensis
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus elephas deer
Cervus elephas acoronatus
"Cervus" sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Praedama sp. Portis 1920 deer
Megaloceros (Praemegaceros) sp. Brookes 1828 Irish elk
"Alces latifrons" = Cervalces latifrons Johnson 1874 stag moose