Monte Argentario (Pleistocene of Italy)

Where: Toscana, Italy (42.4° N, 11.3° E: paleocoordinates 42.3° N, 11.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• "W├╝rmian"/Villafranchian deposits within the Rhaetic/Triassic limestone

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; limestone and lithified, red, calcareous claystone

• some "epeirogenic movement" after deposition
• "ossiferous breccia", "red clay residue with calcareous detritus", placed within the fractures of the limestone (previous karst process). Clay is indurated with calcite. Smaller bones are found (more rarely) in a softer brown-red clay infilling cavities within this harder material.

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in the 1950s

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

Primary reference: F. Baschieri and A. G. Serge. 1957. Notizie sul ritrovamento di fauna a rinoceronte etrusco e macairodo all'Argentario (prov. di Grosseto). Quaternaria 4:195-197 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 36373: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 27.01.2004, edited by Hannah O'Regan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Testudo cf. hermanni" = Eurotestudo hermanni
"Testudo cf. hermanni" = Eurotestudo hermanni Gmelin 1789 Hermann's tortoise
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor sp. Linnaeus 1758 beaver
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus1 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
Panthera pardus2 Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae