Villacastin (Zone C, level 3) (Pleistocene of Spain)

Where: Segovia, Spain (40.8° N, 4.4° W: paleocoordinates 40.8° N, 4.5° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Fossils are from a trench and associated fissure below, preserved in sand from weathering of surrounding upper Cretaceous sediments.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; medium-grained, red sandstone

• 30 cm of red, medium-grained, horizontally stratified sandstone with numerous fallen blocks.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Primary reference: A. Arribas. 1994. El yacimiento mesopleistoceno de Villacastin (Segovia, Espana): geologia y paleontologia de micromamiferos. Boletin Geologico y Minero 105:146-166 [J. Alroy/J. Wertheim/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36518: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Jill Wertheim on 02.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Coprolites present

•Abundance data refers to total recovered from locality and isn't separated by level, so it isn't statistically useful

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
10 specimens total
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicola cf. sapidus, Microtus arvalis, "Pitymys subterraneus" = Microtus
Arvicola cf. sapidus vole
2 individuals
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
10 specimens total
"Pitymys subterraneus" = Microtus vole
3 individuals
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys querzinus dormouse
12 specimens total
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
cf. ssp. grenalensis; minimum number of individuals=67
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Equus (Asinus) sp." = Equus, Equus caballus
"Equus (Asinus) sp." = Equus Linnaeus 1758 horse
2 specimens
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
cf. ssp. germanicus; 4 specimens
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus elaphus Linnaeus 1758 red deer
3 specimens