Villacastin (Zone C, level 8) (Pleistocene of Spain)

Where: Segovia, Spain (40.8° N, 4.4° W: paleocoordinates 40.8° N, 4.5° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Fossils are from a trench and associated fissure below, preserved in sand from weathering of surrounding upper Cretaceous sediments.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; medium-grained, red sandstone and carbonate

• 5 cm of red medium-grained sand with little cement. At the top of the bed is a calcareous cap 1 cm thick.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

Primary reference: A. Arribas. 1994. El yacimiento mesopleistoceno de Villacastin (Segovia, Espana): geologia y paleontologia de micromamiferos. Boletin Geologico y Minero 105:146-166 [J. Alroy/J. Wertheim/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36523: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Jill Wertheim on 02.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• coprolites present; Abundance data refers to total recovered from locality and isn't separated by level, so it isn't statistically useful
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
25 specimens from Villacastin
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Microtus arvalis Pallas 1779 common vole
10 specimens total from Villacastin
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys querzinus dormouse
12 specimens total from Villacastin
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Oryctolagus cuniculus Linnaeus 1758 European rabbit
cf. grenalensis; minimum number of individuals=67
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus Linnaeus 1758 horse
cf. germanicus; 5 specimens