Gidhniya village, western Nepal (Pliocene to of Nepal)

Where: Nepal (28.0° N, 82.3° E: paleocoordinates 26.8° N, 82.5° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Siwaliks Group, Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Correlated with the 'Pinjor' fauna from India and Pakistan, thought to date between 1.5-2.9Ma.


• From an area where alluvium from the River Tui Khola meets the Upper Siwalkis, in the Himalayan foothills.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Material held in the Museum of Geology, Panjab University, Chandigarh.

Primary reference: V. J. Gupta. 1984. Plio-Pleistocene mammals from Gidhniya village, Western Nepal. GĂ©obios 17(4):493-497 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36574: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 05.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sivalensis horse
two upper cheek teeth, probably P4 or M1.
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon insignis elephant
2 lower molar fragments and a complete right lower M3.
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hexaprotodon sivalensis Falconer and Cautley 1836 pygmy hippo
1 nearly complete cranium and partial right mandible, and a right isolated upper M1.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
a distal left metacarpus, large bovid, probably Bubalus (based on size).
Antilopini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
1 left M3. too large for gazella, similar in size to extant impala.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
1 left deciduous lower P4, 1 left lower M1.
Elephas planifrons
"Elephas planifrons" = Protelephas planifrons
"Elephas planifrons" = Protelephas planifrons Falconer and Cautley 1846
2 lower M3 fragments