Yuanmou formation, second member, Shangnabang (Pleistocene of China)

Also known as Yuanmo formation

Where: Yunnan, China (24.9° N, 100.9° E: paleocoordinates 24.8° N, 100.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: second Member (Yuanmou Formation), Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Early Quaternary. The thickness of the second member is 314,4 m.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; unlithified, black, brown, gray, green, yellow, carbonaceous claystone and sandstone

• lacustrine-fluvial deposits, predominantly lacustrine
• Variegated clay, alternated with subclay, silty clay, silt and sand, occasionally with grayish green and grayish black humus clay and some lignite layers

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: Q. Pu and F. Qian. 1977. Identification of the Yuanmou fossil-man strata; study of the Yuanmou Formation. Acta Geologica Sinica (= Dizhi xuebao) 1977(1):89-100 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36584: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna K├╝mmell on 06.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• A lot of plant fossils belong to that collection, but are not listed with their species name: Carya, Euphorbiacae, Rutaceae, Magnoliaceae, Pandanaceae, Apocynaceae, Rafflesiaceae, Nymphaceae, Glyptostrobus, Myrica, Ostryopsis, Castanopsis, Liquidambar, Santalum, Exocarpus, Cyathea, Dicksonia, Cibotium, Hymenophyllum, Pteris, Angiopteris, Ginkgo, Cathaya, Podocarpus, Lycopodium, Gleichenia, Osmunda, Dacrydium, Cedrus, Cryptomeria, Sparganium, Alisma, Typha, Potamogeton, Myriophyllum
Mammalia
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon sp. Falconer 1847 elephant
Stegodon yuanmouensis You et al. 1978 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig