Yuanmou formation, fourth member, Shangnabang (Pleistocene of China)

Also known as Yuanmo formation

Where: Yunnan, China (24.9° N, 100.9° E: paleocoordinates 24.8° N, 100.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: fourth Member (Yuanmou Formation), Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Early Quaternary. The teeth of Home erectus yuanmouensis (Yuanmo-man)are from bed 25. From paleomagnetic data was the age of the Yuanmo-man estimated to be 1,7 M a.

•Thickness of the fourth member: 122,2 m.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; unlithified, sandy conglomerate and unlithified claystone

• Alternation of sandy gravel, silty subclay and clay layers; in the clay and subclay occasionally ferruginous and calcareous concretions

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: Q. Pu and F. Qian. 1977. Identification of the Yuanmou fossil-man strata; study of the Yuanmou Formation. Acta Geologica Sinica (= Dizhi xuebao) 1977(1):89-100 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36587: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 06.02.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Some fossils are not listed by their species name: mammalia: Rodentia; plants: Taxodiaceae, Gramineae, Chenopodiaceae, Alnua, Artemisia
unclassified
  -
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus Dubois 1892 human
subsp. nov: yuanmouensis, so-called "Yuanmo-man"
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Arvicola sp. Lacépède 1799 vole
Microtus sp. Schrank 1798 vole
 Rodentia - Spalacidae
Rhizomys sp. Gray 1831 greater bamboo rat
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Nestoritherium sp. Kaup 1859 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sinensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus yunnanensis Colbert 1940 horse
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon nihowanensis Teilhard de Chardin and Piveteau 1930 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverricula malaccensis Gmelin 1788 rasse
ssp: fossilis
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena sp. Brisson 1762 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Stegodon sp. Falconer 1847 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 water buffalo
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
"Cervus stehlini" = Cervus, "Rusa yuananesis n. sp." = Cervus, "Rusa sp." = Cervus, Muntiacus lacustris, Axis shansius, Axis cf. rugosus, Metacervulus capreolinus, Metacervulus attenuatus, Procapreolus stenosis n. sp., "Cervoceros ultimus n. sp." = Cervavitus
"Cervus stehlini" = Cervus deer
(Rusa)
"Rusa yuananesis n. sp." = Cervus deer
maybe: "yunnanensis" instead of "yuananesis"
"Rusa sp." = Cervus Linnaeus 1758 deer
"Cervoceros ultimus n. sp." = Cervavitus deer