Pech du Fraysse (Oligocene of France)

Also known as Quercy; Pech-du-Fraysse

Where: Quercy, France (44.8° N, 2.7° E: paleocoordinates 44.5° N, 0.0° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: MP 28 mammal zone, MP 28 (28.4 - 23.0 Ma)

• There are three levels in MP 28: Pech Desse is lower, Pech du Fraysse is middle, and Portal is upper. "The reference levels mark with mammals used for the biochronology in this work (MP) are those defined by the Mainz Conference (February 1987)."

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

• probably phosphorite

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: J.-Y. Crochet. 1974. Les Insectivores des Phosphorites du Quercy. [Insectivores of the Quercy Phosphorites]. Palaeovertebrata, Montpellier 6(1-2):109-159 [J. Alroy/R. Whatley/L. van den Hoek Ostende]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36712: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Robin Whatley on 10.02.2004, edited by Jason Head, Lars van den Hoek Ostende, Terri Cleary, Patricia Holroyd and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Chelydropsis sp.5 Peters 1868 turtle
"Chelydropsis sp., groupe decheni-sanctihenrici"
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Ergilemys sp.5, "Cheirogaster phosphoritarum" = Testudo phosphoritarum5
Ergilemys sp.5 Ckhikvadze 1972 turtle
"Cheirogaster phosphoritarum" = Testudo phosphoritarum5 Rage 1988 turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Ptychogaster cayluxensis5 Lydekker 1889 turtle
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.5 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
"Un ou deux Emydides indetermines"
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet.1 Bonaparte 1831 lizard
two premaxillae
Pseudeumeces cadurcensis2 Filhol 1877 lizard
MNHN, PFR 11020, fifteen dentaries; MNHN, PFR 11004, left maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11021, three incomplete maxillae; MNHN, PFR 11016, premaxilla
Mediolacerta roceki n. gen. n. sp.1 Augé 2005 lizard
MNHN PFR 11006 (holotype), left dentary; additional material: twenty one left dentaries (incl. fifteen fragments), twenty seven right dentaries (incl. fifteen fragments), twelve left maxillae (incl. one complete), seven incomplete right maxillae
Lacerta filholi n. sp.1 Augé 1988 lizard
USTL PFR 11 001 (holotype), left dentary; additional material: nineteen left dentaries, eleven right dentaries, one left maxilla, two premaxillae
 Squamata - Anguidae
"Dopasia frayssensis n. sp." = Ophisauromimus frayssensis1 Augé 2005 lizard
MNHN PFR 11003 (holotype), complete right dentary; PFR 11005, six incomplete right dentaries; additional two incomplete left dentaries and 'several tens of vertebrae'
Anguini indet.1 Augé 2005 lizard
Dopasia roqueprunensis1 Auge 1992 lizard
two incomplete left dentaries and an incomplete right dentary
 Squamata - Iguanidae
Geiseltaliellus sp.3 Kuhn 1944 lizard
MNHN, PFR 11009, partial left dentary; MNHN, PFR 11010, partial left maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11011, partial right maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11058, fragmentary jaw
 Squamata - Boidae
Bavarioboa crocheti18 Szyndlar and Rage 2003 boa
MNHN PFR 11039-11046 and 11052-11055, about 330 trunk vertebrae; PFR 11047, one cloacal vertebra; PFR 11048-9, 11056-7, 54 caudal vertebrae; PFR 11051, one right dentary; PFR 11050, one left dentary
Bransateryx vireti15 Hoffstetter and Rage 1972 sand boa
 Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Platyspondylia lepta n. gen. n. sp.18
Platyspondylia lepta n. gen. n. sp.18 Rage 1974 dwarf boa
(also see ref. 16854) Material includes holotype MNHN PFR 6350, numerous vertebrae, a palatine, a quadrate, and an ?articular
 Squamata - Amphisbaenidae
Amphisbaenidae indet.1 Gray 1865 worm lizard
about ten dorsal vertebrae, seven left dentaries, one right dentary, a few maxillae, two premaxillae
 Squamata - Cordylidae
? Cordylidae sp.1 Gray 1837 spinytail lizard
?posterior portion of dentary, two dorsal vertebrae
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Theridomyidae
Issiodoromys limognensis20 Schmidt-Kittler and Vianey-Liaud 1987 rodent
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Pseudocricetodon philippi12 Hugueney 1971 mouse
Pseudocricetodon montalbanensis19 Thaler 1969 mouse
Heterocricetodon helbingi19 Stehlin and Schaub 1951 mouse
Melissiodon quercyi19 Schaub 1920 mouse
Eucricetodon quercyi n. sp.19 Vianey-Liaud 1972 mouse
MNHN PFR 8506 - type
 Rodentia - Aplodontidae
Plesispermophilus macrodon17 Schmidt-Kittler and Vianey-Liaud 1979 mountain beaver
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Gliridae indet.21 Muirhead 1819 dormouse
PFY 1706 - cf. Peridyromys nov. sp., or cf. Myomimus nov. sp.
Microdyromys praemurinus21 Freudenberg 1941 dormouse
Peridyromys murinus21 Pomel 1853 dormouse
"Gliravus bruijni" = Schizogliravus bruijni21 Hugueney 1967 dormouse
Glirudinus glirulus21 Dehm 1935 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Eomys gigas6 rodent
Eomys quercyi6 Comte and Vianey-Liaud 1987 rodent
Eomys zitteli6 Schlosser 1884 rodent
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Geotrypus antiquus7 de Blainville 1840 mole
Geotrypus acutidentatus7 de Blainville 1840 mole
Mygatalpa arvernensis22 Schreuder 1940 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Srinitium sp.16 Hugueney 1976 shrew
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Adelpharctos ginsburgi n. sp.9 de Bonis 2011 bear
PFRA 34 - type
Cyonarctos dessei10 de Bonis 2013 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Plesictis stenogalinus9 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Ailuridae
Amphictis cf. nana9 red panda
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyonidae sp.9 Haeckel 1886 bear-dog
Goupilictis minor11 Dehm 1931 bear-dog
PF 60, 62 and 63
 Carnivora -
Stenoplesictis cayluxi13 Filhol 1880 carnivoran
PFRA 52-54
Stenoplesictis crocheti n. sp.13 Peigné and de Bonis 1999 carnivoran
PFRA 417 - type
 Pholidota - Patriomanidae
Necromanis cf. franconica8 pangolin
PFY 4051
 Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Hyaenodon leptorhynchus14 Laizer and Parieu 1838 eutherian
 Artiodactyla -
Dremotherium quercyi4 Filhol 1887 ruminant
Dremotherium guthi4 Jehenne 1987 ruminant