Dongpaoshan, bed 3 (Pleistocene of China)

Also known as Wuling

Where: Hunan, China (28.7° N, 109.7° E: paleocoordinates 28.6° N, 109.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• late Early Pleistocene; thickness 30 cm

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; unlithified, condensed, fine-grained, yellow, argillaceous sandstone

• The cave is small: 4 m deep, 7 m broad, 2 m high.
• light-yellow fine sandy soil, condensed

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• cultural museum of Baojing county

Primary reference: L. Wang, Y. Lin, S. Chang and J. Yuan. 1982. Mammalian fossils found in northwest part of Hunan province and their significance. Vertebrata PalAsiatica (= Gujizhui dongwu yu gurenlei) 20(4):350-358 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36819: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 17.02.2004, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• It is not stated in the text, if Gomphotherium serridemtoides is only found in bed 1, or if it is found in bed 1 and 3.
Mammalia
 Primates - Hylobatidae
Hylobatidae indet.1 Gray 1870 gibbon
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca sp. Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix magna porcupine
Atherurus sp. Cuvier 1829 brush-tailed porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sinensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Tapirus sinensis Owen 1870 tapir
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus thibetanus Cuvier 1823 Asian black bear
Ailuropoda wulingshanensis2 Wang et al. 1982 giant panda
subsp.nov. wulingshanensis
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Arctonyx collaris Cuvier 1825 hog badger
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Gomphotherium serridemtoides gomphothere
maybe only in the collection of Dongpaoshan, bed 1
Gomphotherium sp. Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758 wild boar
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 water buffalo
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Muntiacus sp. Rafinesque 1815 muntjak