Tongshan, Wannan prefecture (Pleistocene to of China)

Where: Anhui, China (31.7° N, 118.9° E: paleocoordinates 31.7° N, 118.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Pleistocene to Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)

• late Middle Pleistocene to Upper Pleistocene.

•bed 3 in the lcoal section

•The wall of the cave has long ago broken down, so that a detailed investigation is not possible.

Environment/lithology: karst; unlithified, brown, red, sandy claystone and unlithified, pebbly sandstone

• It is not quite clear if the fossil locality is a cave or a fissure.
• Brown-red sandy clay, intercalated with sand and pebbles, occasionally some big calcareous pebbles; altogether 2,5-3 m thick.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: Y. Ye and D. Yan. 1975. A new locality of Quaternary mammalian fossils at Tongshan in the south of Anhui Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica (=Gujizhui dongwu yu gurenlei) 13(3):195-196 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 36868: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 18.02.2004, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Cercopithecidae
"Macacus sp." = Macaca
"Macacus sp." = Macaca Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Sciuridae indet. Gray 1821 squirrel
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sinensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus thibetanus Cuvier 1823 Asian black bear
ssp. kokeni
? Ailuropoda melanoleuca David 1869 giant panda
ssp. fovealis
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
ssp. ultima
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"? Palaeoloxodon namadicus" = Elephas
"? Palaeoloxodon namadicus" = Elephas elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 water buffalo