Also known as Oubeidiyeh
Where: Israel (32.7° N, 35.6° E: paleocoordinates 32.6° N, 35.5° E)
• coordinate based on nearby landmark
When: 'Ubeidiya Formation, Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)
• Site has been subject to much tectonic movement - archaeological levels are almost vertical in the section. There have been four major depositional cycles, the lowest is of archaeological interest and is termed the Fi (lower Fluviatile). This limnic level is 30m thick. Site dated to between 1.4-1.0Ma, but is thought (on faunal grounds) to be at the older end of this range.
Environment/lithology: fluvial-deltaic; lenticular, silty claystone
Size class: macrofossils
Preservation: anthropogenic, bone collector, coprolite
Collection methods: bulk,
• Level II-23 was excavated between 1961-63. 105 m2 were exposed. 33 artifacts were recovered and 2 cutmarked bones, plus 12 specimens with conical impacts which could be hominid, carnivore or trampling damage. The cutmarks were found on a cervid distal humerus and a horse mandible fragment.
Primary reference: S. Gaudzinski. 2004. Subsistence patterns of Early Pleistocene hominids in the Levant - taphonomic evidence from the 'Ubeidiya Formation. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:65-75 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details
Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis
PaleoDB collection 37024: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 24.02.2004, edited by Mark Uhen
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)