Also known as Oubeidiyeh
Where: Israel (32.7° N, 35.6° E: paleocoordinates 32.6° N, 35.5° E)
• coordinate based on nearby landmark
When: 'Ubeidiya Formation, Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)
• Site has been subject to much tectonic movement - archaeological levels are almost vertical in the section. There have been four major depositional cycles, the lowest is of archaeological interest and is termed the Fi (lower Fluviatile). This limnic level is 30m thick. Formation dated to between 1.4-1.0Ma, but is thought (on faunal grounds) to be at the older end of this range.
Environment/lithology: fluvial-deltaic; green conglomerate
Size class: macrofossils
Collection methods: bulk,
• Site I-15LF and I-16 are different localities, but they are one the same level. They were excavated between 1963-74. 250 m2 were exposed. 1126 artifacts were recovered and 2 cutmarked bones, plus 1 specimen with conical impacts which could be hominid, carnivore or trampling damage. The two cutmarked pieces were on a bear (Ursus) 1st metacarpal and a cervid 2nd phalanx.
Primary reference: S. Gaudzinski. 2004. Subsistence patterns of Early Pleistocene hominids in the Levant - taphonomic evidence from the 'Ubeidiya Formation. Journal of Archaeological Science 31:65-75 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details
Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis
PaleoDB collection 37026: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 24.02.2004, edited by Mark Uhen
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)