Shenxian Cave, Huifeng Mountain, Lishui County (Pleistocene to of China)

Where: Jiangsu, China (31.7° N, 119.0° E: paleocoordinates 31.7° N, 119.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• upper part

•Radiocarbon date of 11200 +/- 1000 or 9250 +/- 1000 BC has been yielded.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: cave; unlithified, brown, red, sandy claystone and hardground limestone

• The cave is within carboniferous limestone.
• Red-brown sandy clay, not lithified, no layering, occasionally some calcareous breccia, some quartzicic pebbles and fragments of drop stone. The fossils and fragments of coal are scattered around in this layer (1,5-2,5 m in thickness). At the bottom of this layer there is a hardground of drop stone, about 10 cm thick. At some places there is 20 cm of clay between these two layers. In the drop stone have been found fossils, too.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: Y. Li and C. Lei. 1980. Fossil animals discovered in Shenxian [Fairies'] Cave, Lishui County, Jiangsu Province. Vertebrata PalAsiatica (=Gujizhui Dongwu yu Gurenlei) 18(1):59-64 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 37064: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 27.02.2004, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda
 Pulmonata -
Pulmonata indet. Cuvier 1817 pulmonate
Reptilia
 Testudines -
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines Batsch 1788 turtle
Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Homo sapiens Linnaeus 1758 human
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Macaca sp. Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus rattus Linnaeus 1758 black rat
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetulus sp. Milne-Edwards 1867 mouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Scaptochirus moschatus Short-faced mole
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mustela sp. Linnaeus 1758 weasel
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
Nyctereutes procyonoides Gray 1834 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Paguma larvata Smith 1827 masked palm civet
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta ultima spotted hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
several species