Late Emsian/Eifelian Loc. 2 of Melo: Ponta Grossa (Devonian to of Brazil)

Where: Parana, Brazil (25.1° S, 50.2° W: paleocoordinates 77.9° S, 128.9° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Ponta Grossa Formation, Emsian to Emsian (407.6 - 387.7 Ma)

• I am using the more common name of Ponta Grossa Fm. Melo considers this a member of the Santa Rosa Fm.

Environment/lithology: marine; shale and sandstone

• Sequence on the whole consists of shales, silts, and sands. No specific lithology given for this collection.

Primary reference: J. H. G. Melo. 1988. The Malvinokaffric realm in the Devonian of Brazil. N. J. McMillan, A. F. Embry, and D. J. Glass, eds. Devonian of the World, Volume I. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists. Calgary, Alberta, Canada 669-703 [M. Foote/M. Foote/M. Foote]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37104: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 02.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Trilobita
 Phacopida - Calmoniidae
Metacryphaeus sp. Reed 1907 trilobite
Paracalmonia sp. Struve 1958 trilobite
Ostracoda
  -
Ostracoda indet. Latreille 1802 ostracod
Ostracoda "gen.nov.?" Latreille 1802 ostracod
Bivalvia
 Ostreida - Pterineidae
"Ptychopteria (Actinopteria) sp." = Actinopteria
"Ptychopteria (Actinopteria) sp." = Actinopteria Hall 1884 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Modiolus sp. Lamarck 1801 mussel
 Cardiidia - Grammysiidae
Grammysioidea sp. Williams 1916 clam
 Modiomorphida - Modiomorphidae
Goniophora sp. Phillips 1848 clam
 Protobranchia - Solemyidae
"Solemya (Janeia) sp." = Janeia
"Solemya (Janeia) sp." = Janeia King 1850 Awning Clam
 Protobranchia - Malletiidae
Nuculites sp. Conrad 1841 clam
Palaeoneilo sp. Hall and Whitfield 1869 clam
Gastropoda
 Bellerophontida - Plectonotidae
Plectonotus sp. Clarke 1899 snail
Bryozoa
  -
Bryozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1831
Ophiuroidea
  - Encrinasteridae
? Encrinaster sp. Haekel 1866 brittle star
Stylophora
 Mitrata -
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
Lophophorata
 Tentaculitida - Tentaculitidae
Tentaculites sp. von Schlotheim 1820
Strophomenata
 Productida - Chonetidae
 Orthotetida - Schuchertellidae
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida - Meganterididae
 Spiriferida - Hysterolitidae
 Rhynchonellida - Leptocoeliidae
Lingulata
 Lingulida - Disciniidae
Orbiculoidea sp. d'Orbigny 1847
 Lingulida - Lingulidae
"Lingula" sp. BruguiƩre 1797
Scyphozoa
  -
Anthozoa
  -
Anthozoa indet. Ehrenberg 1834
 Ichnofossils -
Bifungites sp. Desio 1940