Late Eifelian/Give. Loc. 22 of Melo: Oitis and Ponta de Serra region (Devonian to of Brazil)

Where: Piaui, Brazil (7.0° S, 42.0° W: paleocoordinates 75.3° S, 6.5° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Cabecas Formation, Eifelian to Eifelian (393.3 - 382.7 Ma)

• Collection not explicitly said to come from Cabecas Fmn., but this seems rather clear from stratigraphic and geographic context.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; sandstone

• See lithology description.
• "The Cabecas Formation is a thick, progradational sandy unit resembling the Chapada unit no. 3 of the Parana Basin due to its massive appearance and monotonous development of sigmoidal lobes. It often displays synsedimentary slumping structures and is locally cut through by wide, shallow channels. The fairly abundant marine fauna...is restricted to its lower section (Passagem Member), as mostly associated to storm beds."

Primary reference: J. H. G. Melo. 1988. The Malvinokaffric realm in the Devonian of Brazil. N. J. McMillan, A. F. Embry, and D. J. Glass, eds. Devonian of the World, Volume I. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists. Calgary, Alberta, Canada 669-703 [M. Foote/M. Foote/M. Foote]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37171: authorized by Michael Foote, entered by Michael Foote on 03.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Trilobita
 Phacopida - Calmoniidae
Metacryphaeus sp. Reed 1907 trilobite
Pelecypoda
  -
Pelecypoda indet. Goldfuss 1820
Bivalvia
 Cardiidia - Sanguinolitidae
""Sphenotus" sp." = Sanguinolites
""Sphenotus" sp." = Sanguinolites M'Coy 1844 clam
 Cardiidia - Grammysiidae
Grammysiidae indet. Miller 1877 clam
? Grammysioidea sp. Williams 1916 clam
Gastropoda
 Bellerophontida - Plectonotidae
Plectonotus sp. Clarke 1899 snail
Crinoidea
  -
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821 Sea lily
Lophophorata
 Tentaculitida - Tentaculitidae
Tentaculites sp. von Schlotheim 1820
Strophomenata
 Productida -
"Chonetacea "gen.nov. C"" = Chonetoidea
"Chonetacea "gen.nov. C"" = Chonetoidea Bronn 1862
Rhynchonellata
 Terebratulida -
Terebratulida indet. Waagen 1883
"Rhipidothyrididae or Mutationellidae indet. D"
 Terebratulida - Meganterididae
 Spiriferida - Mucrospiriferidae
? Mucrospirifer sp. Grabau 1931
"mostly 'Spirifer' pedroanus Rathbun, 1874 and related forms"
 Spiriferida -
? Pustulatia sp. Cooper 1956
  - Tropidoleptidae