Ukhaa Tolgod (AMNH) (Cretaceous of Mongolia)

Where: Omnogov Aimak, Mongolia (43.7° N, 100.9° E: paleocoordinates 40.8° N, 90.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Djadokhta Formation, Campanian (83.6 - 72.1 Ma)

• Age is not well constrained for the Djadokhta Formation (Clark et al. 2001). "Fossil vertebrate sites occur in the uppermost 65 m of a section..." see Fig. 1b, Dashzeveg et al. (1995).

Environment/lithology: eolian; fine-grained, coarse, red, silty sandstone and mudstone

• "Fossil vertebrate sites occur in the uppermost 65 m of a section dominated by red-orange, slightly silty, fine-to-coarse-grained sandstones with occasional beds of red-brown mudstones and grey-brown conglomerates (Fig. 1b)...The most fossiliferous sites are stratigraphically situated in a prominent cross-bedded unit of sandstone near the middle of the section." --Dashzeveg et al. 1995

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1992-1996

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

• Institute of Geology, Mongolia

Primary reference: D. Dashzeveg, M. J. Novacek, M.A. Norell, J.M. Clark, L.M. Chiappe, A. Davidson, M.C. McKenna, L. Dingus, C. Swisher and P. Altangerel. 1995. Extraordinary preservation in a new vertebrate assemblage from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. Nature 374:446-449 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/R. Whatley]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37184: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Robin Whatley on 03.03.2004, edited by Matthew Carrano, Philip Mannion, Roger Benson and John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Over 100 recovered and uncollected articulated skeletons of theropod, ankylosaurian, and protoceratopsian dinosaurs form the main 4 sq km collecting area. Also skulls (many with associated skeletons) of over 400 mammals and lizards. These are just the specimen numbers they include, there are certainly more in number.
 Testudines - Nanhsiungchelyidae
? Basilemys sp. Hay 1902 turtle
 Avetheropoda -
 Avetheropoda - Oviraptoridae
Oviraptoridae indet. Barsbold 1976 coelurosaur
"taxon B"
 Enantiornithes -
Gobipteryx minuta1 Elzanowski 1974 bird
 Avetheropoda -
Shuvuuia deserti n. gen. n. sp.2
Shuvuuia deserti n. gen. n. sp.2 Chiappe et al. 1998 coelurosaur
 Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae
cf. Velociraptor sp. Osborn 1924 coelurosaur
"neonate skulls"
Velociraptor mongoliensis Osborn 1924 coelurosaur
 Ornithischia - Ankylosauridae
Ankylosauridae indet. Brown 1908 ornithischian
 Neornithischia -
Bagaceratops sp. Maryanska and Osmólska 1975 ornithischian
 Loricata - Hylaeochampsidae
Shamosuchus djadochtaensis7 Mook 1924 crocodilian
IGM 100/1195 (nearly complete skull, lower jaws, and associated postcranial remains including; all eight cervical vertebrae with three right cervical ribs (c5–c7) and one left cervical rib (c8), dorsal vertebrae d1 through d3 with four right dorsal ribs (d1–d3) and three left dorsal ribs (d2?–d6?), five anterior caudal vertebrae and two haemal arches, a complete right humerus, the distal half of the left humerus, the proximal portion of the right radius, a complete left radius in association with the left humerus, a complete left ulna, a fragmentary right ischium, a partial right femur consisting of a damaged diaphysis and distal condyle, a complete right tibia, a nearly complete left tibia, a complete right fibula, a partial left fibula, and a single left metatarsal and phalanx)
 Squamata -
"Gobiderma pulchrum" = Gobiderma pulchra5 Borsuk-Bialynicka 1984 lizard
IGM 3/56-3/58
Estesia mongoliensis Norell et al. 1992 lizard
IGM 3/169 (a skull with mandible, preserved three-dimensionally) and IGM 3/760 (partial axial skeletons including dorsal vertebrae with articulating ribs and an incomplete left forelimb)
Varanoidea indet.5 Gray 1827 lizard
IGM 3/172
 Squamata - Polyglyphanodontidae
Adamisaurus magnidentatus Sulimski 1972 lizard
IGM 3/111-3/115
Gobinatus arenosus5 Alifanov 1993 lizard
IGM 3/128
"Macrocephalosaurus sp." = Gilmoreteius5 Langer 1998 lizard
IGM 3/132-3/133
 Squamata - Temujiniidae
Temujinia ellisoni n. gen. n. sp.5, Saichangurvel davidsoni n. gen. n. sp.3
Temujinia ellisoni n. gen. n. sp.5 Gao and Norell 2000 lizard
IGM 3/63-3/69
Saichangurvel davidsoni n. gen. n. sp.3 Conrad and Norell 2007 lizard
IGM 3/858 (holotype skeleton)
 Squamata - Priscagamidae
Phrynosomimus asper5 Alifanov 1996 lizard
IGM 3/83
Mimeosaurus crassus5 Gilmore 1943 lizard
IGM 3/74-3/75
Priscagama gobiensis Borsuk-Bialynicka and Moody 1984 lizard
IGM 3/77-3/78
? Priscagama gobiensis5 Borsuk-Bialynicka and Moody 1984 lizard
IGM 3/80
 Squamata -
Isodontosaurus gracilis5 Gilmore 1943 lizard
IGM 3/85, 86, 88, 89
 Squamata - Slavoiidae
Slavoia darevskii5 Sulimski 1984 lizard
IGM 3/145-3/153
 Squamata - Carusiidae
Shinisauroides latipalatum Borsuk-Bialynicka 1985 lizard
 Squamata -
Myrmecodaptria microphagosa n. gen. n. sp.5 Gao and Norell 2000 lizard
Parmeosaurus scutatus n. gen. n. sp.5 Gao and Norell 2000 lizard
IGM 3/138, 141, 143
Globaura venusta5 Borsuk-Bialynicka 1988 lizard
IGM 3/160-3/163
Hymenosaurus clarki n. gen. n. sp.5 Gao and Norell 2000 lizard
Carusia intermedia4 Borsuk-Bialynicka 1985 lizard
IGM 3/16-3/50
 Cimolesta - Palaeoryctidae
cf. Hyotheridium sp. Gregory and Simpson 1926 eutherian
 Tribosphenida -
Ukhaatherium nessovi n. gen. n. sp.6 Novacek et al. 1997 eutherian
Kennalestes cf. gobiensis Kielan-Jaworowska 1968 eutherian
 Tribosphenida - Zalambdalestidae
Zalambdalestes lechei Gregory and Simpson 1926 eutherian
 Theriiformes -
Deltatheridium pretrituberculare9 Gregory and Simpson 1926 mammal
Theria indet. Parker and Haswell 1897 mammal
"new genus D"
 Allotheria -
Allotheria indet. mammal
"new genus C"
 Multituberculata - Sloanbaataridae
Sloanbaatar cf. mirabilis Kielan-Jaworowska 1969 multituberculate
Kamptobaatar cf. kuczynskii Kielan-Jaworowska 1969 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Djadochtatheriidae
Catopsbaatar sp. Kielan-Jaworowska 1994 multituberculate
This is a typo? "Catopsbaatar Catopsaloides"
Tombaatar sabuli n. gen. n. sp.8 Rougier et al. 1997 multituberculate
PSS-MAE 122 (partial skull)
 Multituberculata -
Bulganbaatar cf. nemegtbaataroides Kielan-Jaworowska 1974 multituberculate
"new genus A"
Chulsanbaatar cf. vulgaris Kielan-Jaworowska 1974 multituberculate
Nemegtbaatar gobiensis Kielan-Jaworowska 1974 multituberculate
 Multituberculata - Eucosmodontidae
Eucosmodontidae indet. Jepsen 1940 multituberculate
"new genus B"