west of Casa Lama, Monte Castello (Pliocene to of Italy)

Where: Pisa, Italy (43.6° N, 10.7° E: paleocoordinates 43.6° N, 10.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pliocene to Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; coarse-grained, pebbly, gray, yellow, silty sandstone and gray, sandy claystone

• "coarse-grained greyish-yellowish sands with thin pebble intercalations...grey-yellowish coarse-grained cross-bedded sands some 3-4 m thick. The latter include thin gravel layers and light brown clayey silts a few cms thick. The sands contain also intraformational clasts of clayey silts. Washed samples of this level were barren in microfossils, although fragments of marine mollusks showing evidence of transportation occur. This level is overlain by a layer of shells mixed with sand which passes upward to grey sandy clays several meters thick...these gery sandy clays are rich in Arctica islandica shells."

Size class: macrofossils

Collected in the 1990s

Primary reference: G. Zanchetta and P. Mazza. 1996. Anancus arvernensis remains from the basal portion of the Arctica islandica-bearing marine deposits of Lower Valdarno. Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana 115:105-113 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37201: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 04.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Cardiida - Arcticidae
Arctica islandica Linnaeus 1767 clam
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 gomphothere