Upper Foot seam (Carboniferous of the United Kingdom)

Also known as Bullion seam

Where: England, United Kingdom (53.5° N, 2.0° W: paleocoordinates 0.1° N, 7.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Westphalian A (318.1 - 314.6 Ma)

• "the Union seam splits into the Upper Foot or Bullion seam above and the Lower Main or Gannister seam below" (Galtier 1997)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coal and coal ball

Preservation: permineralized

Primary reference: J. Galtier. 1997. Coal-ball floras of the Namurian-Westphalian of Europe. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 95:51-72 [H. Sims/J. Cassara/J. Cassara]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37376: authorized by Hallie Sims, entered by Jason Cassara on 14.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• "The large number of endemic species is regarded as misleading and may be merely related to a 'splitter' taxonomic approach. This may apply to...the five species of Mesoxylon from Upper Foot..." (Galtier 1997). These five species are M. lomaxii, M. multirame, M. platypodium, M. poroxyloides and M. sutcliffii.
unclassified
  -
Pachytesta
  -
Pinopsida
 Cordaitanthales -
 Cordaitanthales - Cordaitanthaceae
Equisetopsida
 Sphenophyllales - Sphenophyllaceae
Scolecopteris
  -
Scolecopteris minor
S. minor var. parvifolia
Lepidodendraceae
  - Lepidodendraceae
Calamitaceae
  - Calamitaceae
Stigmaria
  -
Myeloxylon
  -
Myeloxylon sp. Brongniart 1849
Sphenopteridae
  - Sphenopteridae
Sigillariaceae
  - Sigillariaceae
 Life -