USGS M1691, Santa Cruz (Pleistocene of the United States)

Where: Santa Cruz County, California (37.0° N, 122.0° W: paleocoordinates 37.0° N, 122.0° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• From Pleistocene marine terrace. Terrace is exposed about 15 ft above sea level. It is cut into fossiliferous sandstone of the Pliocene Purisima Formation. Radiocardbon dates from bivalve shells in this area yielded dates older than 39,000 years

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; poorly lithified sandstone

• A Pleistocene terrace shellbed, hence transgressive.
• Original sand deposits are preserved at locality M1691 as pockets underneath and between large, rather flat boulders of calcareous sandstone - probably concretions weathering out of the underlying Purism Formation.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the UCMP, USNM

Collection methods: bulk, quarrying, sieve,

• Figured specimens at USNM, unfigured specimens likely at UCMP (transferred from USGS Menlo Park).

Primary reference: W. O. Addicott. 1966. Late Pleistocene marine paleoecology and zoogeography on Central California. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 523-C:1-27 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37673: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 20.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Detailed and representative for macrofossil taxa
Maxillopoda
 Sessilia - Balanidae
Balanus rostratus Hoek 1883 barnacle
Subspecies: Balanus rostratus alaskiensis
Balanus ? crenatus Bruguière 1789 barnacle
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Chlamys cf. herica" = Chlamys (Chlamys) hastata
"Chlamys cf. herica" = Chlamys (Chlamys) hastata Sowerby 1842 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostrea sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Adula cf. diegensis Dall 1911 datemussel
Adula californiensis Philippi 1847 datemussel
 Pholadida - Myidae
Cryptomya californica Conrad 1837 softshell clam
Platyodon cancellatus softshell clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Penitella penita Conrad 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Tresus nuttalli" = Tresus nuttallii
"Tresus nuttalli" = Tresus nuttallii Conrad 1837 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Protothaca staminea" = Leukoma staminea, Saxidomus giganteus, "Transennella tantilla" = Nutricola tantilla, "Petricola carditoides" = Petricola (Petricola) carditoides
"Protothaca staminea" = Leukoma staminea Conrad 1837 venus clam
Saxidomus giganteus Deshayes 1839 venus clam
"Transennella tantilla" = Nutricola tantilla Gould 1853 venus clam
"Petricola carditoides" = Petricola (Petricola) carditoides Conrad 1837 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Tellina buttoni" = Tellina (Angulus) modesta
"Tellina buttoni" = Tellina (Angulus) modesta Carpenter 1864 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Clinocardium nuttallii" = Clinocardium (Clinocardium) nuttallii
"Clinocardium nuttallii" = Clinocardium (Clinocardium) nuttallii Conrad 1837 cockle
[entered as Clinocardium nuttalli]
 Solenida - Pharidae
Siliqua aff. patula Dixon 1789 clam
Gastropoda
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
Acmaea sp. Eschscholtz 1830 limpet
 Cephalaspidea - Diaphanidae
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
"Olivella biplicata" = Olivella (Callianax) biplicata
"Olivella biplicata" = Olivella (Callianax) biplicata Sowerby 1825 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Searlesia dira true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius mendicus snail
Subspecies: Nassarius medicus indisputabilis
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais lamellosa murex snail
Ocenebra interfossa murex snail
Ocenebra cf. lurida murex snail
Subspecies: Ocenebra cf. lurida mun
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Lacuna solidula periwinkle
Subspecies: Lacuna solidula compacta
Lacuna carinata Gould 1848 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Balcis cf. micans Carpenter 1864 snail
 Velutinoidea - Velutinidae
"Velutina laevigata" = Velutina velutina
"Velutina laevigata" = Velutina velutina Müller 1776 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"Cryptonatica ? clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis, Polinices sp.
"Cryptonatica ? clausa" = Cryptonatica affinis Gmelin 1791 moon snail
Polinices sp. Monfort 1810 moon snail
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Serpulorbis sp. Sasso 1827 worm shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula adunca Sowerby 1824 slipper shell
Crepidula nummaria Gould 1846 slipper shell
 Rissooidea - Barleeidae
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
 Truncatelloidea - Caecidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Bittium eschrichti cerith snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Odostomia sp. Fleming 1817 snail
Iselica fenestrata Carpenter 1864 snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Diodora aspera Rathke 1833 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Lirularia lirulata top snail
Subspecies: Lirularia lirulata conica
Calliostoma ligatum Gould 1849 top snail
Polyplacophora
 Neoloricata - Mopaliidae
Echinoidea
 Camarodonta - Strongylocentrotidae
Strongylocentrotus sp. Brandt 1835 sea urchin