USGS #15586 - Pittsburg Bluff Formation (Oligocene of the United States)

Where: Clatsop County, Oregon (46.1° N, 123.4° W: paleocoordinates 45.8° N, 114.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pittsburg Bluff Formation, Chattian (28.1 - 23.0 Ma)

• Upper part of Pittsburg Fm. The Pittsburg Bluff Formation conformably overlies the Keasey Formation (late Eocene and early Oligocene) and is conformably overlain by the Scappoose Formation (late Oligocene and early Miocene). Parts of the formation are lithologically similar and therefore the stratigraphic position of exposures are sometimes uncertain. The estimated thickness for the entire formation is 200 ml the thickest continuous section of the formation is 100 m thick.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; poorly lithified, fine-grained, concretionary, gray sandstone

• Massive olive-gray fine-grained sandstone, with concretions, trough shaped prisms, silstone rip-up clasts.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the USGS

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Material housed in the USGS, Menlo Park. Also collections from UCMP, CAS, Stanford University (SU), University of Washington (UW), University of Oregon (UO), and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP)

Primary reference: E. J. Moore. 1976. Oligocene marine mollusks from the Pittsburg Bluff Formation in Oregon. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 922:1-66 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37687: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 20.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Very complete for mollusca.
Bivalvia
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus cf. snohomishensis Weaver 1912 mussel
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Spisula (Mactromeris) pittsburgensis" = Mactromeris pittsburgensis
"Spisula (Mactromeris) pittsburgensis" = Mactromeris pittsburgensis Clark 1925 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Callista (Macrocallista) pittsburgensis" = Macrocallista pittsburgensis
"Callista (Macrocallista) pittsburgensis" = Macrocallista pittsburgensis Dall 1900 venus clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
? Tellina pittsburgensis, "Tellina (Eurytellina) aduncanasa" = Eurytellina
"Tellina (Eurytellina) aduncanasa" = Eurytellina tellin clam
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
Panopea ramonensis Clark 1925 clam
 Solenida - Solenidae
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
"Thracia (Thracia) condoni" = Thracia (Cetothrax) condoni
"Thracia (Thracia) condoni" = Thracia (Cetothrax) condoni Dall 1909 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula (Leionucula) vokesi Moore 1976 nut clam
Acila (Truncacila) shumardi Dall 1909 divaricate nutclam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Litorhadia washingtonensis Weaver 1916 pointed nut clam
 Protobranchia - Yoldiidae
Yoldia (Kalayoldia) oregona Shumard 1858 clam
Gastropoda
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Scaphander stewarti Durham 1944 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Molopophorus gabbi Dall 1909 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Perse pittsburgensis Durham 1944 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Cryptonatica pittsburgensis Moore 1976 moon snail
  - Neptuneidae
Bruclarkia columbiana Anderson and Martin 1914 snail