USGS 15278 - Wolf Creek Highway [Pittsburg Bluff Fm] (Oligocene of the United States)

Where: Columbia County, Oregon (45.6° N, 123.2° W: paleocoordinates 45.3° N, 112.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Pittsburg Bluff Formation, Rupelian (33.9 - 28.1 Ma)

• From lower Pittsburg Bluff Formation. The Pittsburg Bluff Formation conformably overlies the Keasey Formation (late Eocene and early Oligocene) and is conformably overlain by the Scappose Formation (late Oligocene and early Miocene). Parts of the formation are lithologically similar and therefore the stratigraphic position of exposures are sometimes uncertain. The estimated thickness for the entire formation is 200 ml the thickest continuous section of the formation is 100 m thick.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; fine-grained, gray sandstone

• Massive olive-gray fine-grained sandstone, with concretions, trough shaped prisms, silstone rip-up clasts.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the CAS, UCMP, UW

Collection methods: quarrying,

• Material housed in the USGS, Menlo Park. Also collections from UCMP, CAS, Stanford University (SU), University of Washington (UW), University of Oregon (UO), and the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia (ANSP)

Primary reference: E. J. Moore. 1976. Oligocene marine mollusks from the Pittsburg Bluff Formation in Oregon. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 922:1-66 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 37823: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 24.03.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Very complete for mollusca
Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Pitar (Pitar) dalli Weaver 1916 venus clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Nemocardium (Keenae) lorenzanum" = Anechinocardium lorenzanum
"Nemocardium (Keenae) lorenzanum" = Anechinocardium lorenzanum Arnold 1908 cockle
 Solenida - Solenidae
 Thraciida - Periplomatidae
"Cochlodesma bainbridgensis" = Aperiploma bainbridgensis
"Cochlodesma bainbridgensis" = Aperiploma bainbridgensis Clark 1925 clam
 Thraciida - Thraciidae
"Thracia (Thracia) condoni" = Thracia (Cetothrax) condoni
"Thracia (Thracia) condoni" = Thracia (Cetothrax) condoni Dall 1909 clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Litorhadia washingtonensis Weaver 1916 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Molopophorus gabbi Dall 1909 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Perse pittsburgensis Durham 1944 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Taranis cf. columbiana Anderson and Martin 1914 turrid
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella pittsburgensis Moore 1976 turret shell
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
"Dentalium (? Fissidentalium) laneensis" = Dentalium (Fissidentalium) laneensis
"Dentalium (? Fissidentalium) laneensis" = Dentalium (Fissidentalium) laneensis Hickman 1969 tusk shell