Olorgesailie - Upper Member 1 (Pleistocene of Kenya)

Also known as Hyena Hill (HH), Site 15, and I3

Where: Kenya (1.6° S, 36.4° E: paleocoordinates 1.6° S, 36.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: 1 Member (Olorgesailie Formation), Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; brown, yellow siltstone and diatomaceous, white siltstone

• Regressive phase followed by transgressive
• "fine silt-sized grains, clay-sized particles in cutans of a weakley-modified soil, and fine sand. This is underlain by white laminated to massive diatomaceous siltstone" (Potts 1994)

•"yellow-brown to buff-white, rootmarked siltstone, typically 10-20cm thick ranging up to 120cm thick" (Potts 1999)

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic, bone collector

Collection methods: quarrying,

Primary reference: R. Potts. 1994. Variables versus models of early Pleistocene hominid land use. Journal of Human Evolution 27:7-24 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/V. Egerton]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38039: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Victoria Egerton on 01.04.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecus sp. Linnaeus 1758 monkey
unique to HH
Theropithecus oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
"Equus grevyi" = Equus (Dolichohippus) grevyi Oustalet 1882 Grevy's zebra
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Mungos sp. Geoffroy Saint Hilaire and Cuvier 1795 mongoose
unique to HH
Herpestes ichneumon Linnaeus 1758 Egyptian mongoose
unique to site 15
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
unique to HH
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki Dietrich 1915 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus 1758 hippo
Hippopotamus gorgops Dietrich 1928 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762 giraffe
unique to I3
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Pelorovis sp. Reck 1928 antelope
Taurotragus oryx Pallas 1766 common eland
Megalotragus sp. van Hoepen 1932 antelope
Alcelaphus sp. Blainville 1816 hartebeest
Connochaetes sp. Lichtenstein 1812 wildebeest
Redunca sp. Smith 1827 reedbuck
unique to I3