West Turkana - Kalodirr (Miocene of Kenya)

Also known as West Turkana, Kalodirr, KNM-WK

Where: Kenya (3.3° N, 35.8° E: paleocoordinates 2.2° N, 33.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Kalodirr Member (Lothidok Formation), Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• the site of Kalodirr ("Oryx" in the Turkana language) is located at the headwater of the Kalodirr River (3?20'N, 35?45'E) between the Lokipenata Ridge and the Basalt Hills to the east (Boschetto et al. 1992; Leakey and Leakey 1986a, b).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "channel"; lithology not reported

• Sedimentological analyses indicate deposition via small meandering stream channels (Boschetto, 1992).

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. E. Leakey and M. G. Leakey. 1986. A new Miocene hominoid from Kenya. Nature 324(13):143-146 [A. Behrensmeyer/V. Egerton/V. Egerton]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 38060: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Victoria Egerton on 05.04.2004, edited by Patricia Holroyd and John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Diptera - Agromyzidae
cf. Agromyzidae indet. Bigot 1852 leaf-miner fly
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullariidae
Pila ovata apple snail
Lanistes carinatus apple snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
Melanoides tuberculata Müller 1774 snail
 Pulmonata - Achatinidae
Limicolaria sp. Schumacher 1817 slug
 Euselachii -
Myliobatiformes indet. Compagno 1973 stingray
 Teleostei -
 Siluriformes - Bagridae
cf. Bagridae indet. Bleeker 1852 naked catfish
 Polypteriformes - Polypteridae
Polypterus sp. Lacépède 1803 bichir
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychidae indet. Gray 1825 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudinidae indet. Batsch 1788 turtle
 Testudines - Podocnemidae
cf. Albertwoodemys testudinum2 Gaffney et al. 2011 sideneck turtle
KNM-WK17139 "similar and may be same species or genus"
 Loricata -
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia
"Crocodilia indet." = Crocodylia Owen 1842 crocodilian
"Crocodilia nov."
 Squamata -
 Primates -
Hominoidea "indet. B" Gray 1825 ape
"Hominoidae gen. nov. B"
 Primates - Proconsulidae
Afropithecus turkanensis n. gen. n. sp. Leakey and Leakey 1986 ape
Turkanapithecus kalakolensis n. gen. n. sp.4 Leakey and Leakey 1986 ape
"Hominoidae gen. nov. A"
 Rodentia - Myophiomyidae
 Rodentia - Thryonomyidae
Paraphiomys stromeri cane rat
originally entered as "Paraphyomys stromeri"
Paraphiomys sp. Andrews 1914 cane rat
originally entered as "Paraphyomys sp."
Paraphiomys pigotti Andrews 1914 cane rat
originally entered as "Paraphyomys pigotti"
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
cf. Gymnurechinus sp. Butler 1956 hedgehog
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
 Carnivora -
Musteloidea indet.1 Fischer de Waldheim 1817 carnivoran
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Hecubides macrodon Savage 1965 bear-dog
Cynelos macrodon1 Savage 1965 bear-dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Katifelis nightingalei n. gen. n. sp.1
Katifelis nightingalei n. gen. n. sp.1 Adrian et al. 2018 cat
 Carnivora - Herpestidae
Kichechia zamanae Savage 1965 mongoose
Kichechia savagei1 Adrian et al. 2018 mongoose
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Platybelodon sp. Borissiak 1928 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Deinotheriidae
Prodeinotherium hobleyi Andrews 1911 deinothere
 Hyracoidea - Titanohyracidae
"Megalohyrax championi" = Afrohyrax championi
"Megalohyrax championi" = Afrohyrax championi Arambourg 1933 hyrax
 Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
Miosengi butleri n. gen. n. sp.3
Miosengi butleri n. gen. n. sp.3 Grossman and Holroyd 2009 sengi
 Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Hyaenodon sp. Laizer and Parieu 1838 eutherian
 Hyaenodonta -
Anasinopa leakeyi Savage 1965 eutherian
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Sanitheriidae
Diamantohyus africanus3 Stromer 1926 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Anthracotheriidae
"cf. Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx, Masritherium aequitorialis
"cf. Hyoboops africanus" = Sivameryx anthracothere
Masritherium aequitorialis anthracothere
originally entered as "Masritherium aequitoralis"
 Artiodactyla - Tragulidae
Dorcatherium chappuisi Arambourg 1933 chevrotain
Dorcatherium pigotti Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
"Dorcatherium parvum" = Afrotragulus parvus Whitworth 1958 chevrotain
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
"Giraffidae nov."
Canthumeryx sirtensis Hamilton 1973 giraffe
  - Cricetodontidae