Mngazana Mouth (Mng 121) (Cretaceous of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.5° S, 29.0° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° S, 6.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Mngazana Formation, Late/Upper Valanginian (140.2 - 136.4 Ma)

Environment/lithology: marine; conglomerate and lithified, lenticular, gray siltstone

• "shallow water, turbid marine with rocky substrate" (Anderson and Anderson 1985 (ref. 6188))
• "hard, olive grey to medium grey, lignitic siltstone lenses in conglomerate" (Anderson and Anderson 1985 (ref. 6188))

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collection methods: collection was made by Giannini and Wiens 1982, it resides at the Botanical Research Institute in Pretoria

Primary reference: J. M. Anderson and H. M. Anderson. 1985. Palaeoflora of Southern Africa. Prodromus of South African Megafloras Devonian to Lower Cretaceous 1-423 [P. Gensel/P. Gensel/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38297: authorized by Hallie Sims, entered by Jason Cassara on 19.04.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Bennettitales -
"Filicopsida "gen. B, sp. A"" = Pteridopsida, "Filicopsida indet." = Pteridopsida, Cladophlebis "sp. B"
"Filicopsida "gen. B, sp. A"" = Pteridopsida Ritgen 1828
"Filicopsida indet." = Pteridopsida Ritgen 1828
"fern spp. indet."
Cladophlebis "sp. B" Brongniart 1849