Andrès (MNHN-UL) (Jurassic to of Portugal)

Where: Estremdura, Portugal (39.9° N, 8.6° W: paleocoordinates 33.8° N, 2.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Alcobaça Formation, Late/Upper Oxfordian to Late/Upper Oxfordian (161.2 - 150.8 Ma)

• = Camadas de Alcobaça, could also be from lowermost Bombarral Formation (= Grès superiores); Malafaia et al 2010 consider the site to be ?upper Kimmeridgian to Tithonian in age

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; paleosol/pedogenic, micaceous, gray, carbonaceous sandstone and fine-grained siltstone

• "deposited in a fluvial meandering environment with subsidiary deltaic and marginal marine environments.", also called a shallow, distal river setting
• "mainly represented by micaceous sandstones (as occur in Andrès), fine sands and silts", also described as "sandstones and marls that represent paleosols", also described as "fine-grained mud-sandstones, sometimes micaceous, with intercalations of some levels of marls, silts and clays, sometimes with

•abundant calcareous or limonitic nodules"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1988, 2005

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical,

Primary reference: B. P. Pérez-Moreno, D. J. Chure, C. Pires, C. Marques Silva, V. Dos Santos, P. Dantas, L. Póvoas, M. Cachão, J. L. Sanz and A. M. Galopim Carvalho. 1999. On the presence of Allosaurus fragilis (Theropoda: Carnosauria) in the Upper Jurassic of Portugal: first evidence of an intercontinental dinosaur species. Journal of the Geological Society, London 156:449-452 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38680: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 28.04.2004, edited by Jonathan Tennant

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia indet.1 Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda indet.1 Cuvier 1797 snail
 Lepisosteiformes -
Lepidotes sp.1 Agassiz 1843 gar
nearly complete individual
 Neopterygii -
Semionotiformes indet.1 Arambourg and Bertin 1958
 Saurischia -
Neosauropoda indet.2 Bonaparte 1986 sauropod
Titanosauriformes indet.1 Salgado et al. 1997 sauropod
 Avetheropoda - Allosauridae
Allosaurus europaeus3 Mateus et al. 2006 allosaurid
 Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae
Dromaeosauridae indet.1 Colbert and Russell 1969 coelurosaur
 Neornithischia -
Ornithopoda indet.1 bird foot dinosaur
 Neornithischia - Dryosauridae
aff. Dryosaurus sp.2 Marsh 1894 bird foot dinosaur
 Neornithischia - Camptosauridae
Camptosauridae indet.1 Marsh 1885 camptosaurid
 Pterosauria - Rhamphorhynchidae
cf. Rhamphorhynchus sp.2 Meyer 1847 pterosaur
 Loricata - Goniopholididae
Goniopholis sp.1 Owen 1842 crocodilian
 Loricata -
Theriosuchus sp.1 Owen 1878 crocodilian
 Eosuchia -
Lepidosauria indet.1 Haeckel 1866 lepidosaur
Several individuals, incl. at least one partially complete skeleton
 Rhynchocephalia -
Sphenodontia indet.1 rhynchocephalian
Close relative of Opisthias
Amphibia indet.1 tetrapod
Plantae indet.1 Haeckel 1866
carbonized plant remains