Butte Mountains, Unit 5 (Permian of the United States)

Where: White Pine County, Nevada (39.6° N, 115.3° W: paleocoordinates 14.3° N, 36.3° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Loray Formation, Kungurian (279.3 - 272.3 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified, silty limestone and lithified siltstone

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: replaced with silica

Primary reference: T. V. Mayou. 1967. Paleontology of the Permian Loray Formation in White Pine County, Nevada. Brigham Young University Research Studies, Geology Series 14:101-122 [D. Bottjer/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 38745: authorized by David Bottjer, entered by Matthew Clapham on 03.05.2004, edited by Pete Wagner

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Ostracodes common, crinoid ossicles common
Bivalvia
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
"Aviculopinna sagitta" = Meekopinna sagitta
"Aviculopinna sagitta" = Meekopinna sagitta Chronic 1952 oyster
 Protobranchia - Manzanellidae
Manzanella sp. Girty 1909 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
"Palaeonucula levatiformis" = Nuculavus levatiformis
"Palaeonucula levatiformis" = Nuculavus levatiformis Walcott 1884 nut clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Nuculana obesa" = Polidevcia obesa
"Nuculana obesa" = Polidevcia obesa White 1879 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
 Euomphalina - Euomphalidae
Amphiscapha proxima Yochelson 1956 snail
 Bellerophontida -
Bellerophontoidea indet.1 M'Coy 1851 snail
 Bellerophontida - Euphemitidae
"Euphemites crenulates" = Euphemites crenulatus
"Euphemites crenulates" = Euphemites crenulatus Yochelson 1960 snail
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Prodentaliidae
"Plagioglypta canna" = Prodentalium canna
"Plagioglypta canna" = Prodentalium canna White 1874 tusk shell
Ophiuroidea
 Ophiurida - Ophiolepididae
Archaeophiomusium burrisi Miller 1958 brittle star
Strophomenata
 Productida - Aulostegidae
Costellarina kaasai2 Yancey 1978