Badam (Pliocene of India)

Where: India (29.0° N, 80.0° E: paleocoordinates 27.8° N, 80.3° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; poorly lithified, conglomeratic conglomerate

• large boulder conglomerate

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: G.L. Badam. 1977. Fossil mammals of the Upper Siwalik and the problem of the boundary between the Neogene and the Quaternary system in India. Bulletin of the Commission for the Study of the Quaternary Period (47)37-44 [J. Hunter/D. Ehrenburg/J. Hunter]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39209: authorized by John Hunter, entered by Dina Ehrenburg on 23.05.2004, edited by Hannah O'Regan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
"Colossochelys atlas" = Megalochelys sivalensis
"Colossochelys atlas" = Megalochelys sivalensis Falconer and Cautley 1837 turtle
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
"Geoclemys sivalensis" = Geoclemys hamiltonii
"Geoclemys sivalensis" = Geoclemys hamiltonii Gray 1831 Spotted pond turtle
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus palaeindicus Falconer 1859 crocodile
 Crocodylia -
Gavialis browni Mook 1932 gharial
Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sivalensis one-horned rhinoceros
Rhinoceros palaeindicus one-horned rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion antelopinum hipparionine horse
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Camelus sp. Linnaeus 1758 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bos sp. Linnaeus 1758 ox
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 water buffalo
Proamphibos sp. Pilgrim 1939 antelope
Hemibos sp. Falconer 1865 antelope
Leptobos sp. Rütimeyer 1877 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer