Kamisili (Pliocene to of Turkey)

Also known as Merzifon Basin

Where: Turkey (40.9° N, 35.5° E: paleocoordinates 40.8° N, 35.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• The Kamisli vertebrate assemblage 'derives from a series of interbedded fine-to-medium grained sandstones with silts in the upper third' of the Upper Pontus series.

•Upper Villafranchian/Lower Biharian.


Collection methods: Specimens in MTA, Ankara and Hannover, Germany.

Primary reference: E. Gulec, F. C. Howell, and T. D. White. 1999. Dursunlu - a new Lower Pleistocene faunal and artifact-bearing locality in southern Anatolia. in Ullrich, H., ed, Hominid evolution - Lifestyles and survival strategies. Edition Archaea, Gelsenkirchen/Schwelm. 349-364 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39322: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 26.05.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Spiroceros is listed in the paper as an Asian genus. The only one listed in McKenna & Bell is Spirocerus, and this is the name used by other authors (see Zasuchino), thus Spiroceros has been re-identified in the faunal list.
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus (A.) stenonis
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
Canis etruscus/mosbachensis
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera sp. Oken 1816 cat
leopard sized
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
cf. Pliocrocuta perrieri Kretzoi 1938 hyaena
 Proboscidea - Proboscidea
Proboscidea indet. proboscidean
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
cf. Bos/Bison
cf. Spirocerus sp. Boule and Teilhard de Jardin 1928 antelope
Caprini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
? Ovis
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868 deer
? large.