Volovaya Balka (Pliocene of Russian Federation)

Also known as Volovaya Balka, Khapry Formation, Azov Region

Where: Rostovskaya Oblast', Russian Federation (47.2° N, 38.9° E: paleocoordinates 47.4° N, 38.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Khapry Formation, Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, Middle Villafranchian, based on the fauna of the Khapry Formation as a whole.

•Fossil remains are confined to the lower part of the alluvial sequence.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-deltaicsandy

• Sand-shingle deposits along the coastal zone of the Sea of Azov. 'They unconformably overlie the marine Miocene sediments and correspond to alluvium of an ancient 30-40m terrace of the Don River.'
• Sand-shingle deposits.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Material collected since 1932. Material held in the Geological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Primary reference: M. V. Sotnikova, V. S. Baigusheva, and V. V. Titov. 2002. Carnivores of the Khapry faunal assemblage and their stratigraphic implications. Stratigraphy and Geological Correlation 10(4):62-78 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39408: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 28.05.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes megamastoides Pomel 1842 raccoon dog
1 left mandible, incisors - P3 missing. P4, M1, M2 and M3 present. Specimen Number GIN 302/1.