Malusteni (Pliocene of Romania)

Where: Southern Moldavia, Romania (46.2° N, 27.9° E: paleocoordinates 46.3° N, 27.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Early Pliocene, Earliest Romanian or Dacian/Romanian boundary, MN15a, Cochiti event.

Environment/lithology:

Size class: mesofossils

Collection methods: Mimomys specimens are held in the Laboratory of Paleontology, University of Bucharest.

Primary reference: C. Radulesco and P. -M. Samson. 1996. Pliocene and Early Pleistocene arvicolids (Rodentia, Mammalia) of the Dacic Basin, Romania. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia 39(1):401-406 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39424: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 28.05.2004, edited by Lars van den Hoek Ostende, Mark Uhen, Terri Cleary and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• First appearance of a very primitive representative of the genus Mimomys. Type locality for the species Mimomys moldavicus. It is suggested that this is related to migration from Asia following climatic cooling, and that the environment of this site was more humid than that of Beresti. Also, Plesippus may represent one of the earliest mondactyl horses found in Eurasia.
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panchelydridae
Testudo grandis n. sp.3 Macarovici and Vancea 1959 turtle
GIUI uncat. (lectotype), a peripheral (Macarovici and Vancea 1959, pl. 1.12); GIUI uncat. (paralectotypes), three shell fragments (Macarovici and Vancea 1959, pl. 2.7–9)
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Geoemyda malustensis n. sp.2 Macarovici and Vanca 1960 turtle
Holotype: Left pleural PI. I of small specimen with distinct grooves of centrals Centr. 1-2 and very well preserved sculpture of surface. Geol. Lab., Al. J. Cusa University, Romania
Aves
 Galliformes - Phasianidae
cf. Palaeortyx intermedia1 Ballman 1969 pheasant
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa neagui4 Radulescu and Samson 1989 mole
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Plesippus (Allohippus) cf. euxinicus" = Equus5
"Plesippus (Allohippus) cf. euxinicus" = Equus5 horse
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae