Lower Carboniferous fauna from the Sierra de Castillo unit Sierra de la Estrella (Carboniferous to of Spain)

Where: Cordoba, Spain (38.2° N, 5.0° W: paleocoordinates 17.4° S, 4.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Sierra del Castillo Member (Sierra del Castillo Formation), Asbian to Asbian (339.4 - 326.4 Ma)

• The Sierra del Castillo is a unit - not a formation or a member. 'The sedimentologic and lithologic variations are too great to permit the definition of typical lithostratigraphic units or formations.' from: P. Cózar and S. Rodríguez 2004, Pendleian (early Serpukhovian) marine carbonates from SW Spain: sedimentology, biostratigraphy and depositional model. Geological Journal vol. 39.

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; gray reef rocks and marl

• 'a dome-shaped bioherm composed of massive gray limestone, created by microbial activity and associated with sponges. Sediments surrounding the mound are marly... characteristic of deep environments, as on the outer platform and slope... low energy deep marine environments far from the coast.'
• fossils are from 'a dome-shaped bioherm composed of massive gray limestone, created by microbial activity and associated with sponges. Sediments surrounding the mound are marly.'

Reposited in the UCM

• 'Specimens are deposited in the Department of Paleontology, Faculty of Geology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM).'

Primary reference: D. C. Garcia-Bellido and J. K. Rigby. 2004. Devonian and Carboniferous sponges from Spain. Journal of Paleontology 78(3):431-455 [A. Miller/J. Sessa/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39708: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Jocelyn Sessa on 03.06.2004, edited by Wolfgang Kiessling

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Girvanella
  -
Girvanella sp. Nicholson and Etheridge 1878
Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
Brachiopoda
  -
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Anthozoa
 Rugosa -
Rugosa indet. horn coral
Hexactinellida
 Amphidiscosa - Pelicaspongiidae
Estrellaspongia irregulara n. gen. n. sp. Garcia-Bellido and Rigby 2004 glass sponge
Bryopsidophyceae
 Caulerpales - Halimedaceae
Dasycladophyceae
 Dasycladales -
Dasycladales indet. Kützing 1860
Koninckopora sp. Koninck 1842
unclassified
  -
Rhodophyta indet. Wettstein 1922
Rhodophyceae
 Calcifoliida - Fasciellidae
  - Aoujgaliaceae
Stacheia sp. Brady 1876
Aoujgalia sp. Termier and Termier 1950