Osztramos locality 3 (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Where: Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Time: "Upper Villafranchian", Vallanyium, Lowermost Pleistocene

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; unlithified, condensed, brown, red siltstone and limestone

• Fissure fill - dark red-brownish soil; in between the soil there are some layers of strongly cemented calcit - 20-30 cm in thickness.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1970. Ein neuer Eomyide (Rodentia, Mammalia) aus dem Ältestpleistozän ("Oberes Villafrankium", Villanyium) des Osztramos (Nordostungarn); (A new Eomyid (Rodentia, Mammalia) from the lowermost Pleistocene (upper Villafranchian) from Osztramos mountain (Northeastern Hungary). Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 62:99-113 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39797: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 06.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The collection mainly includes very small mammalian fossils. It could be found only one Canidae of the size of Vulpes and one Cervidae of the size of Capreolus.
Reptilia
 Squamata - Anguidae
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus sp. Kaup 1829 Eurasian field mouse
spp. small, big
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Trilophomys cf. schaubi Fejfar 1961 mouse
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902 vole
"pusillus-" or "simplex-group"
Mimomys cf. pliocaenicus Forsyth Major 1889 vole
Lemmus cf. lemmus Linnaeus 1758 Norway lemming
Villanyia sp. Kretzoi 1956 vole
"Dolomys" "episcopalis" Nehring 1898 mouse
"Dolomys" "kretzoii" Nehring 1898 mouse
Germanomys sp. Heller 1936 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
"Citellus cf. primigenius" = Spermophilus
"Citellus cf. primigenius" = Spermophilus ground squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Glis cf. sackdillingensis Heller 1930 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus sp. Dice 1917 rabbit
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana sp. Guldenstaedt 1777 Russian desman
big
Talpa "fossilis" Petenyi 1864 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Sorex cf. praeminutus long-tailed shrew
Sorex "araneus" Linnaeus 1758 common shrew
Petenyia hungarica Kormos 1934 red-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. kornfeldi Kormos 1934 white-toothed shrew
Beremendia fissidens Petényi 1864 shrew
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
Myotis schaubi vesper bat
Myotis sp. Kaup 1829 vesper bat
spp.
Myotis dasycneme Boie 1825 vesper bat
 Chiroptera - Rhinolophidae
Rhinolophus sp. Lacépède 1799 horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus aff. ferrumequinum Schreber 1774 greater horseshoe bat
Rhinolophus euryale Blasius 1853 horseshoe bat
ssp: praeglacialis
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus "praeglacialis" Brunner 1933 mammal