Valea Graunceanului, Tetoiu 1 lower faunal horizon (Pliocene of Romania)

Also known as Valea Tetoi, Graunceanu

Where: Romania (44.8° N, 23.9° E: paleocoordinates 44.9° N, 23.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, just before the Olduvai event (based on palaeomagnetism). Faunal comparison indicates that the Lower Faunal Horizon (Tetoiu 1) correlates with the upper part of the Khaprov faunal complex, upper MN17 (St Vallier Zone), probably equivalent to the Tiglian warm stage. It is suggested that Valea Graunceanului correlates with zone 5C of the Tiglian, and is a warmer pahse than that represnted by La Pietris.

• Site is approximately 88m below the top of the section, at the base of a silty sand, about 1.5m thick.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrinesilty, sandy

• The lower faunal horizon is in an approximately 20m thick bed consisting 'predominantly of silty sands and sand, levels with gravels and larger pebbles were also observed. These beds are rich in faunal remains.' 'The beds have an average dip of 1 to 2 degrees SE.'
• silty sand

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: A. Bolomey. 1965. Die fauna zweier villafrankischer Fundstellen in Rumaenien. Berichte der geologischen Gesellschaft der DDR, Berlin 10(1):77-88 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39846: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 09.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Paradolichopithecus arvernensis3 monkey
3 female skulls and one mandible, 1 male skull and 2 sets of back teeth.
 Rodentia - Castoridae
"Castor plicidens" = Castor fiber, Trogontherium dacicum3
"Castor plicidens" = Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix refossa porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus sp.3 Gloger 1841 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Meles sp. Brisson 1762 badger
2 mandible fragments.
 Carnivora - Canidae
Nyctereutes megamastoides Pomel 1842 raccoon dog
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon megantereon Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
1 deformed skull, 1 mandible.
Homotherium crenatidens cat
1 upper canine, 1 mandible.
Lynx issiodorensis3 Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
Felis sp. Linnaeus 1758 cat
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pliocrocuta perrieri2 Kretzoi 1938 hyaena
 Pholidota - Manidae
Manis sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 pangolin
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis3 Nesti 1825 mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Mitilanotherium inexspectatum3 Samson and Radulesco 1966 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Eucladoceros sp.3 Falconer 1868 deer
Capreolus sp. Gray 1821 roe
Dama nestii fallow deer