Upper Carboniferous fauna San Emiliano Fm at Villafeliz (Carboniferous of Spain)

Also known as Reef 563

Where: Leon, Spain (43.0° N, 6.0° W: paleocoordinates 8.9° S, 8.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: San Emiliano Formation, Bashkirian (323.2 - 315.2 Ma)

• 'the fossil sponge fauna occurs above the massive limestones of the Bashkirian Valdeteja Fm and below the shaly beds that characterize the overlying Bashkirian-Moscovian San Emiliano Fm. We consider the fossil bearing unit to be part of the San Emiliano Fm. Latest Bashkirian age.'

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; limestone and marl

• 'bioherms...probably represent transitions between carbonate and siliciclastic dominated environments.'
• 'alternation of limestones and marls'

Reposited in the UCM

• 'Specimens are deposited in the Department of Paleontology, Faculty of Geology, Universidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM).'

Primary reference: D. C. Garcia-Bellido and J. K. Rigby. 2004. Devonian and Carboniferous sponges from Spain. Journal of Paleontology 78(3):431-455 [A. Miller/J. Sessa/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39855: authorized by Arnold Miller, entered by Jocelyn Sessa on 09.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Demospongea
 Spirosclerophorida - Haplistiidae
Haplistion sp. Young and Young 1877 demosponge
Haplistion sp. 2
 Epipolasida - Heliospongiidae
Heliospongia excavata King 1933 demosponge
Hexactinellida
 Lyssacinosa - Stiodermatidae
Stioderma sp. n. sp. Finks 1960 glass sponge
Stioderma new species A
 Amphidiscosa - Pelicaspongiidae
Hadrophragmos soleniscus n. gen. n. sp., Ascospongiella capdevilae n. gen. n. sp.
Hadrophragmos soleniscus n. gen. n. sp. Garcia-Bellido and Rigby 2004 glass sponge
Ascospongiella capdevilae n. gen. n. sp. Garcia-Bellido and Rigby 2004 glass sponge