Dealul Viilor, Tetoiu 3 upper faunal horizon (Pleistocene of Romania)

Where: Romania (44.8° N, 23.9° E: paleocoordinates 44.8° N, 23.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• Extensive exposures 10-15m thick of cross-bedded sands and gravels, these lie approximately 5m from the top of the sequence. The faunal in the Tetoiu 3 horizon is probably indicative of cooler conditions with an increase in continentality. Dating is difficult as little material is associated and there is such a straigraphic depth to the remains. It is suggested that it may be Late Early Pleistocene, equivalent to the Tamanian faunal complex, the Late Waalian-Early Menapian, MNQ19/20, or the "Cromerian" (s.l.).

Environment/lithology: fluvial

• 'The uppermost beds, 35m thick, were laid down under prevailing fluvial and torrential conditions; they commonly contain coarse sands with gravel and pebble intercalations. These beds yielded isolated mammalian remains (Upper faunal horizon, code T3).'
• Cross-bedded sands and gravels.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: C. Radulesco and P. Samson. 1990. The Plio-Pleistocene mammalian succession of the Oltet Valley, Dacic Basin, Romania. Quatarpalaontologie 8:225-232 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39858: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 10.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• The Mammuthus tooth was found 5m below the top of the upper horizon.
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth
1 molar fragment, advanced form.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison cf. schoetensacki, "Soergelia cf. elisabethae" = Soergelia mayfieldi
"Soergelia cf. elisabethae" = Soergelia mayfieldi Troxell 1915 antelope