Buñol (Cerro de la Cruz) (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Valencia, Spain (39.4° N, 0.4° W: paleocoordinates 39.5° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• Upper Burdigalian

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; marl and gray mudstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Primary reference: M. Crusafont Pairo and J. Truyols Santonja. 1957. Descubrimiento del primer yacimiento de mamiferos Miocenicos del la Cuenca Valenciana. Notas y Comunicaciones del Instituto Geologico y Minero de Espana 48:3-22 [J. Alroy/J. Wertheim/J. Wertheim]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 40031: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Jill Wertheim on 15.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Gastropoda
  -
Cyclostoma sp. Sowerby 1847 snail
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
Neritina sp. Lamarck 1816 snail
Actinopteri
 Ophidiiformes - Ophidiidae
Ophidiidae indet. Rafinesque 1810
Osteichthyes
 Salientia -
Reptilia
 Testudines -
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines
"Chelonia indet." = Testudines Batsch 1788 turtle
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
Reptilia
 Squamata - Anguidae
Anguidae indet. Gray 1825 lizard
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Democricetodon romieviensis Freudenthal 1963 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Pseudodryomys ibericus de Bruijn 1966 dormouse
Miodyromys cf. hamadryas Forsyth Major 1899 dormouse
Peridyromys sp. Stehlin and Schaub 1951 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Galerix exilis de Blainville 1839 hedgehog
? Lantanotherium sansaniensis Lartet 1851 hedgehog
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus hispanicus rhinoceros
14 specimens
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
? Anchitherium aurelianense Cuvier 1825 anchitheriine horse
2 specimens
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Miosorex sp. Kretzoi 1959 shrew
 Tribosphenida - Heterosoricidae
 Chiroptera - Molossidae
? Nyctinomus sp. Geoffroy 1818 free-tailed bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Hemicyon sansaniensis Lartet 1851 bear
2 specimens
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
? Amphicyon major De Blainville 1841 bear-dog
2 specimens
 Carnivora - Viverridae
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
"Trilophodon angustidens" = Gomphotherium
"Trilophodon angustidens" = Gomphotherium gomphothere
1st published in Bergounioux and Crouzel 1957
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
""Mastodon" ("") sp." = Mammut
""Mastodon" ("") sp." = Mammut Blumenbach 1799 mastodon
3 specimens
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Listriodon splendens pig
1 specimen
 Artiodactyla - Cainotheriidae
Cainotherium sp. Bravard 1828 even-toed ungulate
 Artiodactyla - Palaeomerycidae
cf. Palaeomeryx kaupi von Meyer 1834 ruminant
1 specimen
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
cf. Procervulus dichotomus deer
5 specimens
Limnaea
  -
Limnaea sp. Lamarck 1799