Shanbeiyan Cave, Luoding (Pleistocene of China)

Where: Guangdong, China (23.0° N, 111.7° E: paleocoordinates 23.0° N, 111.7° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene

Environment/lithology: cave; unlithified, brown, yellow, sandy claystone

• yellow-brown sandy clay, not lithified, not condensed

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• Museum: Guangdong Luoding bowuguan (Museum of Luoding in Guangdong)

Primary reference: D. Chen. 1988. Guangdong Luoding zhong gengxinshi buru dongwu huashi de faxian ji qi yiyi (The discovery of Pleistocene mammalian fossils in Luoding Guangdong and their significance). Jinian Mabaren huashi faxian sanshi zhounian wenji (Treatises in commemoration of the 30th anniversary of the discovery of Maba Human Cranium 67-68 [J. Alroy/S. Kuemmell/S. Kuemmell]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 40341: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 22.06.2004, edited by John Alroy

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Primates - Hominidae
Pongo sp. Lacépède 1799 orangutan
 Primates - Hylobatidae
Hylobatidae indet.1 Gray 1870 gibbon
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Trachypithecus sp.2 Reichenbach 1862 lutung
cf. Trachypithecus phayrei2 Blyth 1847 Phayre's leaf monkey
originally entered as "cf. Trachypithecus phyrei"
cf. Pygathrix nemaeus2 Linnaeus 1771 red-shanked douc
Rhinopithecus sp.2 Milne-Edwards 1872 snub-nosed monkey
Macaca thibetana2 Milne-Edwards 1870 Tibetan macaque
Macaca mulatta2 Zimmermann 1780 rhesus monkey
cf. Macaca assamensis2 MacClelland 1839 macaque
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus sp. Fischer 1803 rat
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros sinensis one-horned rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Tapiridae
Megatapirus augustus Matthew and Granger 1923 tapir
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
Ailuropoda sp. Milne-Edwards 1870 giant panda
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Arctonyx sp. Cuvier 1825 hog badger
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
ssp: ultima
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus scrofa Linnaeus 1758 wild boar
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 water buffalo
Capricornis sp. antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Muntiacus sp. Rafinesque 1815 muntjak